COMMON VAGINAL INFECTIONS
WHAT IS LEUCORRHOEA?
Leucorrhoea is a term given to any kind of white, yellow or curdy discharge from the vagina or cervix in females. It is a common symptom that concerns almost every female once or more in a lifetime.
Its consistency may also vary from person to person and from time to time. It is however important to note that it may not always be due to some underlying pathology. Like in the case of pre pubertal females, appearance of white discharge from the vagina may simply indicate approaching puberty and result only from an underlying inflammatory condition.
In such cases, the discharge is mostly sterile and is physiological and may subside after the first period or it may worsen if it gets infected.
Similarly, physiological leucorrhoea also occurs in case of pregnancy or at the time of ovulation every month. If we talk about pathological conditions of the female reproductive system, Leucorrhoea is a prime feature in almost all kinds of pathologies afflicting the reproductive tract of a female. The consistency, color, smell and amount of discharge may vary according to the disease. Sometimes, it may be stained with blood as well.
LEUCORRHEA IN AYURVEDA SHVETA PRADARA
Ayurveda is an age old system of medicine which believes in maintaining wholesome health.
Leucorrhoea can be compared to SHVETA PRADARA in Ayurveda. It develops due to the vitiation of Kapha dosha (Phlegm) and Rasa dhatu (Lymph). As a result, the water element present in kapha dosha and rasa dhatu is vitiated which leads to excessive secretions from the vagina.
It is known as a condition in which the normal bacterial flora of the vagina, which keeps it healthy, is disrupted and is replaced by unhealthy bacterial growth and cause inflammation in the vagina called as vaginitis.
It may occur due to various reasons such as improper hygiene of the genitals, abortion and improper lifestyle.
It is not transferred sexually hence, it is not a sexually transmitted disease. Incidentally, BACTERIAL VAGINOSIS lies undetected and does not cause any sort of symptoms in 50 % of women.
Active treatment may not be required in such cases. In symptomatic patients however, treatment becomes necessary.
- Thick, foul smelling discharge from the vagina which may be greyish or whitish in color. The odor may be referred to as fishy sometimes. Its consistency is variable.
- Back ache
- Rashes in perineal region due to continuous wetness.
- Irritability in behavior due to continuous discomfort.
- Pain after performing sexual activity.
DIAGNOSING BACTERIAL VAGINOSIS
- Foul smelling white discharge may be seen coming out of the vagina.
- Wetness in and around the vulva.
- Measuring pH of vagina which would be alkaline. The normal vaginal pH is 3.5 to 4.5 which is slightly acidic.
- Vaginal swab culture shows presence of bacteria.
CANDIDIASIS/ YEAST INFECTION
It is the inflammation of vagina due to yeast infection.
Yeast lives symbiotically in the vaginal flora of approximately 25 % women. It causes a pathology when the natural flora is disrupted due to overgrowth or it gets diminished when the patient is on heavy antibiotics.
It may also occur in immuno- compromised individuals, pregnancy, diabetes and use of oral contraceptive pills.
Yeast infection like BACTERIAL VAGINOSIS is also not a sexually transmitted disease as yeast is normally present in the vaginal flora of 20-30% of the females without causing any pathology. It occurs in sexually inactive females also.
CANDIDA ALBICANS is the name of the yeast that inhabits vaginal flora in majority, its growth is kept under control by the lactobacilli found in the vagina which is another mutual partner in the vaginal flora.
Candida albicans is the cause of 90% of yeast infections in females.
- Burning, redness and itching sensation in the vagina and vulva, which aggravate at night.
- Thick curdy white, foul smelling white discharge from the vagina.
- Vaginal tenderness
- Rashes in and around vulva.
- Mood swings, irritability due to continuous wetness.
- Painful or burning micturition.
DIAGNOSIS OF YEAST INFECTION IN VAGINA
- Vagina appears red with deposits of white, curdy flakes which if removed start bleeding.
- Continuous white discharge from the vagina which may be curdy and foul smelling.
Vaginal swab culture is confirmatory.
GENERAL MEASURES FOR MANAGING ALL KINDS OF VAGINAL INFECTIONS
- Use cotton garments, especially undergarments.
- Wear clean clothes and change them frequently if you sweat too much.
- Avoid deodorants and scented soaps and perfumes. These may disrupt the vaginal pH and may land you with a yeast infection.
- Take one banana everyday along with milk and honey in case of vaginal discharge.
- Clean the perineum properly after using the toilet.
- Keep the undergarment areas completely dry and free from moisture. Prolonged wetness in these parts creates perfect ground for various microbial infections.
- Avoid skin fit leg wears, as they can cause moisture build up in the crotch area.
- Prefer wearing loose clothes for sleeping.
CAN NATURAL SUPPLEMENTS CURE VAGINAL INFECTIONS?
Natural supplements can help to maintain vaginal health. They provide adequate dietary support and help to support and maintain health and wellbeing.
NATURAL SUPPLEMENTS FOR A HEALTHY VAGINA
Planet Ayurveda's Bacterial Vaginosis Care Pack has been assembled to support a healthy vagina in females of all age groups.
It contains natural supplements from the house of Planet Ayurveda which help to support the female reproductive system.
- Gandhak Rasayana - 2 Tablets - two - three times - daily.
- Pradarantak Churna - 1 tea spoon full- twice daily.
- Neem Capsules - 2 Capsules - twice daily.
- Nirgundi Oil - For local application at night.
Where to buy Bacterial Vaginosis Care Pack?
To buy Bacterial Vaginosis Care Pack, please visit store.planetayurveda.com/bacterial-vaginosis-care-pack.html.