Ashoka, Saraca Asoca

Ashoka (Saraca Asoca) is small evergreen tree. The leaves are paripinnate, oblong and rigidly sub-coriacieus with 6-7 leaflets. This tree has orange colored flowers with a beautiful aroma. 7-8 stamens are found in flower and Fruits are smooth, leathery and flat pods including 6-8 seeds inside.

General Information

Ashoka tree has been an integral part of Indian history. It is commonly called a tree which is important to decrease your sorrows. It has got great religious significance and is also worshipped by some people in parts of India.

It is primarily used for the management of female reproductive problems. It is also a general herb for management of painful conditions in the body.

The tree is very commonly found in the Indian subcontinent. The latin name of the plant is Saraca asoca and it belongs to Caesalpinaceae family.

Bark of this tree is rich in tannins, flavonoids, steroids, volatile oil, glycosides, and various steroidal glycosides. Leaves contain various carbohydrates, tannins, gallic acid and egallic acid. Flowers are rich in saracasin, saracadin, waxy substances, proteins, carbohydrates and steroids. Seeds of this plant contains various fatty acids like oleic, linoleic, palmitic and stearic acid.


Ashoka (Saraca Asoca) is a rain-forest tree. It is native of Asia and South America. It is originally distributed in the central areas of Deccan plateau. It is also found in the Western Ghats of the Indian subcontinent. It is also wildly distributed in the center and the Eastern Himalayas and in the hills of khasi, garo and lushaj. It is common to all parts of Indian and the other countries. In India it is easily available in West Bengal, Kerala, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Meghalaya.


  • Enlglish – Asoca
  • Hindi Name – Ashoka
  • Sanskrit Name – Ashoka, Hemapushpa, Tarapallava, sita-ashoka, asupal, kankeli, pindapushpa, vanjula, vishoka and vichitra.


  • Kingdom - Plantae
  • Order - Fabales
  • Family – Caeselpiniaceae

Ayurvedic Properties

Hindi / Sanskrit English
Rasa Kashaya, Tikta Taste Astringent, Bitter
Guna Laghu, Ruksha Physical Property Light, Dry
Virya Sheeta Potency Cold
Vipaka Katu Metabolic Property
(After Digestion)

Effects on Doshas

It balances pitta and Kapha doshas.

Charak Samhita Sushrut Samhita
  • Kashaya skanda - Herbs which are astringent in taste.
  • Vedanasthapan - Herbs which are good to relieve pain.
Rodhradi group

Ancient verse of Sarca asoca

Ancient Verse of Sarca asoca

According to above mentioned shalok Ashok, hempushpa, vajjul, tamarpallav, kankeli, pindpushpa, ghandpushp and nut are the synonyms of this herb. This drug has astringent and bitter taste, cold potency, absorbent, best used to cure wound and ulcers of body. It is used to pacify vata dosha and used to cure tumor, thirst, burning sensation, worm infestation, emaciation, poisoning and various bleeding disorders.


According to Rajnighantu this herb is used to cure heart disorders (haridyaroga), tumors (apachi) and abdominal pain (udarshoola).

Practical uses from Saraca asoca

Ashok has cooling properties. It is very useful for the body to bring down excessive heat in the organs due to fatigue or hormonal imbalance. It helps to regulate blood composition and stabilize blood circulation making it optimally available to all the body parts.

Its pain relieving action can help relieve painful dysmenorrhea, swelling and pain at any site of the body. In females it is very commonly used to regularize hormones and menstrual cycles. It improves the strength and stamina in young females having menstrual irregularities such as dysmenorrhea and leucorrhea.

Many at times a combination of Aloe Vera and Ashok is given to females to improve their reproductive health and blood condition. Anemia which is a very common health problem in females is also recovered with the right combination of herbs along with Ashok derivatives.

It not only works on the uterine structures but also helps to cleanse the system so that any kind of microbial infestation that may be causing leucorrhea and other associated infections in the reproductive organs in females can be checked.

Like Arjuna, Ashok is also a cardiac tonic that can act as a supportive therapy for people suffering from hypertension, circulatory problems, edema, congestive heart failure etc.

Its bark has natural detoxification properties which make it very useful to improve skin complexion and keep the body free from toxins inside out. Its natural cleansing properties can help the body stay toxin free. When the body has a lot of toxic load free radicals are produced. These free radicals then start damaging the body cells and all signs of aging, disease and malfunctions are produced.

For general pitta aggravated states also, Ashok bark acts as a coolant and helps to relieve thirst, excessive burning sensation, anger, emaciation, sweating etc. These are all common signs of pitta aggravation which can be relieved with the use of Ashok bark in different ways.

It also has some digestive properties. Common problems of digestion like bloating, flatulence, burping, colicky pain in abdomen, ascites etc. can be relieved with the use of Ashok. It is not exactly a direct indication of the herb but it does help because all diseases have root from a malfunctioning gut and digestive system overtime.

It is also used in menorrhagia, dysmenorrhea, uterine bleeding and uterine fibroids.

Parts Used

  • Stem Bark
  • Seeds
  • Flowers

Stem bark is used to prepare decoction by boiling it in water which is 4 times the quantity of the herb taken and cooled down before being consumed by the patient. It works best when it prepared fresh.


  • Syrup – 10-15ml
  • Powder – 1-3gm
  • Kwatha – 15-30ml
  • Flower powder – 1-3 gm
  • Seed powder – 1-3 gm

Planet Ayurveda Products that Use this Herb

1. Ashoka Powder

Ashoka is a wonderful and widely used ingredient in this natural supplement for female health. Ashoka is grief and Ashoka means one that relieves the pain or grief of a woman. Ashoka helps to maintain female's overall health.

2. Pradarantak Churna

Pradrantak Churna is a complete herbal formulation to take care of female health problems. It is particularly effective in painful menstruation, pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS), irregular menses, uterine fibroids, ovarian cysts and leucorrhoea. This herbal powder is a slight modification of classical Ayurvedic formula "Pushyanug" churna. The herb Saraca indica naturally balances disturbed female hormones.

3. Female Health Support

This product has its roots in Ayurveda-ancient herbal healthcare system of India. According to Ayurveda the balance of 3 energies - Vata, Pitta and Kapha (Kinetic, Thermal and Potential energy) in the body is a disease free state whereas their imbalance causes diseases. The herbs in this product act synergistically to control vitiated Vata" and "Pitta". According to Ayurveda vitiated "Vata" causes irregular painful menstruation. It disturbs "Pitta-the thermal energy". Excess "Pitta" causes heavy bleeding, hot flushes and irritability.

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