Gandha Prasarini, Paederia foetida

DESCRIPTION OF PLANT

Gandha Prasarini (Paederia foetida) is a climber plant which has ovate to lanceolate leaves. The leaves are around 5 cm long and 2.5 cm in width. The leaves are also membranous and have long petioles. Its flowers are found in scorpiod cymes and are purple or violet in color. The roots are cylindrical or sub cylindrical and compressed on both sides, with an outer surface covered in root scars. The fruits are compressed, ellipsoid, red or black in color. It is fibrous, the exterior brownish and the internal color light brown, with a bitter taste.

GENERAL DESCRIPTION

Gandha Prasarini (Paederia foetida) is an important Ayurvedic medicinal herb. The word meaning of Gandha Prasarini in sanskrit is – it spreads bad smell. It is a unique feature of this herb. Gandha means smell prasarini means spreading.

It contains various chemical constituents like essential oil (methyl mercaptan, Linalool), Iridoid glucosides (Asperuloside, paederoside and scandoside, riterpenoids and saponins Ursolic acid, epifriedelinol, friedelin, sitosterol, stigmasterol and campesterol), Quinones (Embelin), Alkaloids, fatty acids (capric, lauric, myristic, arachidic and palmitic acids), Valine, Tyrosine, Histidine carotene and Vitamin C.

It has various therapeutic properties like Anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-bacterial, anti-helminthic, anti-hyperglycemic activity. Because of its different properties it is used in treatment of different ailments like rheumatism, paralysis, abscesses, gout, diarrhea, dysentery, infertility, colic and flatulence.

Its different parts are used in different Ayurvedic Preparations. Its leaves are used against herpes infection, roots are used for relieving pain in the chest or liver, inflammation of spleen and also used as emetic. The whole plant is a tonic, astringent and anti-inflammatory.

CLASSIFICATION

  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Order: Gentianales
  • Family: Rubiaceae
  • Genus: Paederia
  • Species: Foetida

HABITAT

It is found in the Himalayas from Dehradun eastwards, up to an altitude of 1800 m above sea level. It is also found in Bihar, Orissa, Bengal and Assam.

NAMES

  • Botanical name - Paederia foetida
  • Hindi Name – Gandhaprasarani or Pasaran
  • English Name - Chinese flower
  • Sanskrit Name - Prasarini, Gandhpatra
  • Telugu Name – Takkeda, Savirel
  • Bengali Name – Gandhabhaduliya, Gandhabhadule, Gandal
  • Marathi Name – Hiran- vel, Hiranvel, Haranvel
  • Gujrati Name – Gandhana, Prasarini
  • Tamil Name – Pinarisangai, Mudiyar, Kundal
  • Assamese name – Bhedai lota or Paduri lota
  • Kannada Name - Hesarani, Prasarini bail
  • Malayalam Name - Tala nili
  • Punjabi Name - Prasarini
  • Oriya Name - Suprasara

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES

Hindi / Sanskrit English
Rasa Tikta Taste Bitter
Guna Guru, Sara Physical Property Heavy, Flowing
Virya Ushna Potency Hot
Vipaka Katu Taste conversion after digestion Pungent

EFFECTS ON DOSHAS

It manages Kapha and Vata doshas.

Classical Categorization

Charaka Samhita Sushrut Samhita Vagbhata

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ANCIENT VERSE ABOUT PAEDERIA FOETIDA

Ancient Verse about Paederia Foetida

The Bhavprakash nighantu, edition of 2010: verse 234-235, page no-424-425.

It states that properties and names of gandhaprasarini- prasarini, rajbala, bhadraparani, pratanini, saarini, sarini, bhadra, bala and kattamabhra are the synonyms of prasarini.

It is bitter in taste and heavy in nature. It is hot in potency. It has aphrodisiac property, provides strength and immunity to body (balkark), useful in wound and bone healing (sandhankark). It is useful to manage vata and kapha doshas in body and their related disorders.

REFERENCE

The Bhavprakash nighantu with elaborated Hindi commentary by Padmashri prof. K.C. Chunekar, edited by Dr. G.S. Pandey: edition of 1998: verse 234-235, page no-424-425.

PRACTICAL USES OF PAEDERIA FOETIDA

  • Anti-inflammatory activity: It has anti-inflammatory property and is useful in the treatment of edema and inflammatory conditions.
  • Anti-arthritic activity: It is very useful in the treatment of joint problem like arthritis and joint pain, gout.
  • It is useful to balance the vata and kapha doshas in body and their related disorders.
  • It also has aphrodisiac property and improves the semen quality. It has Anthelmintic activity also.
  • It helps to relieve from abdominal pain and bloating.
  • It acts as immunity enhancer and provides strength to the body against various infections.
  • It is also used to stimulate the central nervous system.
  • It is also used in treatment of fever.
  • It also has diuretic property.
  • Its fruits are used to relieve toothache.
  • It has hepato-protective and antispasmodic activity.
  • Its oil is very beneficial in various joint disorders.
  • Most of the massage oils used for Vata balancing contain this herb as an essential ingredient. On external use, this herb relieves pain, inflammation and stiffness.

PART USED

Root, Leaf

DOSAGE

  • Infusion: 12-24 ml
  • Fresh Juice: 10-20 ml
  • Decoction: 50-100ml
  • Powder: 2-4 g

AYURVEDIC PRODUCT FROM PAEDERIA FOETIDA

Orthovita Oil

It supports the healthy joints, muscles and bones. It also provides overall strength to the body.

Method of application

Apply over the affected area gently once or twice daily or as directed.

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