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Prakriti is defined as the natural characteristics of individuals. It is responsible for the development of the three gunas in the individuals. These gunas include Sattva, Rajas and Tamas. Ayurveda defines prakriti as the mental and physical composition of the individuals. Whenever the balanced state among the three gunas occurs, the body deviates from the healthy state. Instead, the individuals face a lot of difficulties, illness and sickness. Due to the deviation from the prakriti of the individuals, diseases take place in individuals. This concept of Prakriti is derived from the Ayurvedic view of Saankhya.
Ayurveda says that the temperament and prakriti of an individual is hereditary. It is transferred to the offspring from their parents right during the period of union if ovum and the sperm in the mother's womb. This prakriti portrays the physical traits and mental characteristics. The various individuals have various combinations of the doshas, gunas. And, thus, the individuals have distinguishing prakriti, which is unique in nature. This prakriti cannot be changed frequently. It, most of the times, remains constant all throughout the life of the individuals. Various physical disorders, diseases etc. depend on the prakriti of the individuals. Thus, it becomes highly important to maintain a balance of the various attributes of the individual's life.
To understand an individual, it is essential to get knowledge about the prakriti of the individual. Using it as a basis, the various diseases can be diagnosed and various defects can be interpreted.
These prakritis show different characteristics of the predominant Dosha in the various physical, psychological and physiological natures. For example, the individual with pitta prakriti is prone to ulceration, skin disorders and hypertension, vata prakriti is prone to pains and aches while that of kapha prakriti is more prone to weight related disorders, atherosclerosis and diabetes.
Thus, Prakriti is defined as the mental and physical composition of the human beings, which is determined by heredity. It is an important part of the health care procedure, which exhibits unique and special natures. It also helps to have a knowledge about the various disorders, which provides an idea on the basic health, diseases and the prevention to a huge extent.