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Vetas / Goat Willow (Salix Caprea)- Ayurvedic Properties, Effects On Doshas & Dosage


Ayurveda is based on the belief in the wellness of physical and mental state, it has developed in ancient times in India, our rishi-muni got this elixir to the earth for the wellness of Human beings with the help of natural herbs and natural elements. Ayurveda has a specific goal that helps to maintain the immune power of the body and give a long life to the patient. This path doesn’t only fight the disease but also helps to promote wellness in the patient. Ayurveda therapy controls our mind, our blood flow, and heart functions, have Detoxifying therapies can be done with herbal medicines or panchakarma procedures. Our bodywork under the three vital energies that work kinetic energy, potential energy, and thermal energy. These are kept under the three doshas that are named Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. Maintenance of these doshas is necessary to live a happy life or disease-free life. In this article writing, we are going to discuss the Vetas herb which gives the strength to our body to fight various health diseases and to maintain the doshas at a balanced level.

Vetas, Goat Willow, Salix Caprea

General Information

Vetas is well known by the name of Goat willow belonging to the family Salicaceae and having a botanical name called Salix Caprea. This herb is generally used to treat various bleeding disorders, joint pains, GIT problems, infections, rheumatic pains, wounds or ulcers that are delayed in healing and renal calculus as well as various skin disorders. In Sanskrit, this herb has used the name Vetasa, veneer, vidul, in Hindi and Punjabi this herb is famous as bedmushka. This is generally found all over the Himalayas, and is native to Europe, and western and central Asia.

Special Note About This Plant

This herb is used to treat many Kapha-pittaja vikara.

This herb has been mentioned in Bhavprakash Nighantu and Dhanvantari Nighantu plus in Raj nighantu.

This herb is mainly used in vedana sthapana and Rakta stambhan.

This herb consists of many chemical constituents such as delphidinin, cyanidin, pipecolic acid, salicartin etc.

Ancient Verses

Shloka - 1

वेतसः शीतला दाहशोथार्शोयोनिरुकप्रणुत।
हन्ति विसर्पकृछ्रास्रपित्ताश्मरीकफानिलान।।

Reference - Bhavprakash Nighantu / Guduchyadi Varga

Interpretation of Shloka - Vetas is cold in potency so is used in burning sensations, inflammations, arsha (piles/hemorrhoids), yonirog (vaginal disorders), visarp (Herpes), mutrakruchra (retention of urine), rakta pitta (bleeding disorders), ashmari (calculus), and pacifies kapha and vata dosha.

Shloka - 2

वेतसस्य द्वयं शीतं रक्षोघ्नं व्रणशोधनं।
रक्तपित्तहरं तिक्तं सकषायं कफापह।।

Reference - Dhanwantri Nighantu / Amradi Varga

Interpretation of Shloka - Vetas herb is coolant in nature, is antibacterial, heals ulcer/wounds, cures bleeding disorders, is bitter, astringent, and helps to pacify the Kapha dosha.

Systemic Classification

  • Botanical Name - Salix Caprea
  • Family - Salicaceae
  • Genus - Salix
  • Species - S. Caprea


  • This is a deciduous shrub and is a small tree that grows up to eight to ten metres and is three to five ft in width.
  • The flowers of this plant are soft, silky, and silver in colour, it blooms in early spring before its new leaves start to appear, its male flowers are yellow in colour and its female flowers are pale green in colour when mature.
  • Leaves of this plant are three to seventeen centimetres long and are single, wide-toothed, and oval or circular in shape.
  • Its seeds are long and consist of long strias with that, its leaves start to grow in the spring season, and in this season its flowers also bloom, and after 2 to 3 months the fruits also start to develop.
  • Its leaves consist of a sweet unctuous discharge that is called Ved-anjeevan.

Ayurvedic Properties

  • Rasa (Taste) - Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent).
  • Guna (Quality) - Laghu (light)
  • Veerya (Potency) - Sheeta (Cold)
  • Vipaka (Post digestive effect) - Katu (Pungent).
  • Karma (Action) - Balances the Kapha and Pitta dosha.
  • Projyang (Part used) - Bark and flowers are used. Swaras or juice of the bark and the ark of the flower is used.

Effects On Doshas

  • Balances the Kapha and Pitta dosha.
  • Acts as Vedanasthapana.

Practical Uses

  • Due to its kashaya-tikta rasa, this herb helps to balance the Kapha-pitta dosha.
  • Its external effect on the skin is to combat various inflammatory conditions and rectify pain-related symptoms.
  • This plant is also used to diminish the burning sensation on the skin or in the abdomen.
  • In Cartarrah and headaches, the ark of this plant is used as Parishek (this procedure means to pour some liquid on the affected part).
  • Its bark decoction is used to parishek on the hemorrhoids to relieve the tension and pain in the anal area.
  • This plant is said to control pain and is of medhya in properties.
  • This consists of an astringent taste that helps in enhancing the digestive fire and acts as a great absorbent in nature.
  • In the circulatory system, this herb is helpful in strengthening the heart muscles and is good for the clotting process.
  • This herb can be given to the most painful diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, headache, or mental impairments.
  • Vetasa is also beneficial in respiratory disorders and reduces haematemesis, bronchiectasis, and dyspnoea.
  • This plant acts as an aphrodisiac in nature and is given in various reproductive systems to combat nightfall and erectile dysfunction.
  • This is a diuretic herb that helps to excrete the renal calculus through the urinary tract without any complication.
  • This is helpful; in female reproductive health by maintaining the vaginal pH and removing various other infections.
  • It is helpful in hyperpyrexia symptoms and also controls infection all over the body.
  • Flowers of this herb are consisting of appetiser properties.
  • This plant is a good hepato-protective and cardiac tonic in nature.


  • Juice of leaves and flowers can be taken in the amount of 25 to 50 ml.
  • Decoction and ark can also be used in the same dosage.

Ayurvedic Product/s from Vetas

  • Ark Bedmushaka

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