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Urinary Tract Infections

What is a Urinary Tract Infection?

An infection of the urinary tract that carries the urine from the kidneys to the external orifice is called as a urinary tract infection. It is mostly accompanied by a few characteristic symptoms with which it can be diagnosed clinically.

It is one of the most common type of infection affecting the general population.

It is not a deadly disease and symptoms may at times subside by themselves. At other times, medical treatment may be required. Urinary tract infections can recur if ignored and may rarely become a serious health concern.

Symptoms of Urinary tract infection

Common symptoms of Urinary tract infection include:-

  • Pain or burning upon urination
  • Fever with or without chills
  • Increased frequency or urgency to pass urine
  • Urine may be blood stained and pink in color.
  • Pain and cramping may also occur in the lower abdomen.
  • Foul smelling urine or cloudy urine

U.T.I. in men

U.T.I. does not commonly afflict males. It is more commonly found in females.

In hospitalized patients, urinary catheter placement accounts for more than 70 % of the urinary tract infections in males.

Catheterized urinary tract becomes more prone to catch bacterial infections and it may even rise up, to affect the bladder.

U.T.I in women

Urinary tract affects women more commonly than men as the female urethra is a lot shorter than the male urethra.

Sexual intercourse can also lead to urinary tract infections. Use of intra uterine devices, condoms and other contraceptives can alter the pH of the urethra and the vagina making it more prone to develop urinary tract infections.

U.T.I. in pregnancy

Due to minor physiological and anatomical changes in the female reproductive system, Urinary tract infections are of common occurrence in pregnancy. They are most common in the first and last trimester of the pregnancy.

Though common, U.T.I in pregnancy should not be ignored as it may cause serious health issues in the fetus or the new born.

Who is at risk of developing U.T.I.?

  • Diabetic patients
  • Old age
  • Urinary catheterization
  • Fecal incontinence
  • Renal stones
  • Pregnancy
  • Multiple partners for sexual intercourse
  • History of Urinary tract infections
  • Any anatomical abnormality in the urethra
  • Enlarged prostrate
  • Retention of urine
  • Consuming heavy and spicy food

How to prevent a urinary tract infection?

  • Keep your perineum (area around the anus and urethra) region clean and hygienic.
  • For females, sanitary pads are a better option than tampons, for use during the days of menses.
  • Avoid applying too much of any alkaline soap in and around the anus and urethra.
  • Maintain sexual hygiene
  • Drink several glasses of water every day.
  • Cranberry juice and Coconut water also are some of the better options.

What are the chances of recurrence of U.T.I.?

There are approximately 20 % chances of recurrence of urinary tract infection in females who have had a previous episode of U.T.I.

With every episode, the chances of recurrence increase all the more.

Cause of recurrent U.T.I.?

Recurrent U.T.I. may at times occur due to an underlying, deep seated pathology like renal calculi or Diabetes.

It is always better to get a thorough check up done along with the necessary investigations to rule out any pathology that may be coexisting with this condition.

Probable Complications of Urinary tract infections

  • Kidney disease (Chronic kidney disease)
  • Hydronephrosis – fluid retention in the kidneys.
  • Septicemia – Spread of infection in blood.
  • Premature delivery in case of pregnant females.

Is there any alternative treatment to manage U.T.I.?

Urinary tract infections are generally managed with the help of suitable antibiotic treatment.

Besides this, there are other natural ways of maintaining a healthy urethra and genital hygiene.

While diet and water intake play a supportive role, there are many natural supplements that can help support a healthy urinary system.

Natural supplements help to support a healthy environment in the urinary tract. They can be consumed without the risk of any side effects, provided they contain natural ingredients.

Natural supplements for Healthy Urinary System


  1. Punarnava Capsules - 1-2 Capsules, twice daily with plain water, after meals.
  2. Mutrakrichantak Churna - 1 Teaspoon full twice daily with plain water after meals. It can be taken as a decoction as well by boiling 1 tsf powder in 100 ml of water until it remains just 30 ml. This should also be consumed one to two times a day.
  3. Varunadi vati - 2 Tablets, thrice daily with plain water after meals.

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