The disease has been troubling mankind since the 16th century. The bacteria named Bordetella pertussis was first discovered in 1906. It was in 1942 that the first combination vaccine DPT for Diphtheria, Pertussis and Tetanus was first developed and has since been used successfully to save many lives.
It is a highly contagious infectious disease. Caused by a deadly bacteria named Bordetella pertusiss. It is also known as "100 day cough". Very common in children under five years of age, pertussis is one of the most difficult diseases to cure, especially in children. With the development of a specific vaccine for this disease example, DPT, pertussis can be easily controlled. DPT vaccine for diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus has been very successful with the children and has drastically brought down infant mortality rate.
Despite the rapid advancement in sciences, whooping cough, a deadly bacterial infection, still manages to cause significant mortality among the people of the developing world.
Every year, millions of people particularly in the developing countries suffer from this disease. In infants, less than a year old, whooping cough accounts for approximately 2 % of deaths in that age group.
What is whooping cough?
Pertussis also known as "whooping cough" or 100 - day cough is a contagious bacterial infection of the respiratory system. The bacteria are air borne and transmitted by the droplets of saliva present in air due to sneezing and coughing of other infected people.
The coughing may last for up to ten weeks or 100 days in which the patient suffers from marked coughing and feeling of vomiting which may be accompanied by extreme fatigue and malaise.
The coughing is so severe in children that they may end up breaking a rib or two. In infants, the coughing is not very severe and they usually have recurrent bouts of not breathing at all in between phases of normal breathing.
Common symptoms of the disease
- Sudden and recurrent attacks of cough with a peculiar inspiratory whoop is the characteristic feature of the condition.
- Fainting due to extreme fatigue associated with recurrent, sever coughing.
- Vomiting after coughing may also occur
- Subconjunctival haemorrhage, rib fractures, hernias, urinary incontinence and vertebral artery dissection are the other complication associated with whooping cough.
- Running nose, sneezing, mild coughing and other respiratory symptoms occur in the initial stages of the disease after which the deadly paroxysmal cough sets in.
Vaccination for the prevention of pertussis
The most effective and primary method of prevention for pertussis is vaccination.
Pertussis vaccine has been highly successful after recommendations by World Health Organization and The center for disease control and prevention.
The vaccine is up to 85 % effective and though it has not been able to eliminate the disease completely, the multicomponent a cellular vaccine has made deadly whooping cough as one of the most common vaccine preventable disease in the western world.
Infection from Bordetella bacteria does occur in many cases even after immunization, but the symptoms are usually mild.
Mortality rate with Pertussis
Mortality rate is particularly high in children and infants less than 1 year of age. It is almost fatal in this age group. For older, otherwise healthy children and adults, Pertussis is easily cured and patients usually recover fully with proper treatment.
Can dietary supplements be helpful for Pertussis patients?
Dietary supplements unlike contemporary medicines do not offer any direct cure for any health condition. They help fill gaps in the dietary problems that may result because of an unbalanced diet. There are many dietary supplements available in the market which can be used regularly to maintain a healthy and strong immune system, which can keep the body disease free and strong.
Natural supplements for maintenance of a healthy immune system
- Pranrakshak Churna - 1 tsp. Twice daily after meals with plain water.
- Aller-G Care Capsules - 2 cap twice daily with plain water after meals
- Tulsi Capsules - 2 cap twice daily with plain water after meals
- Immune Magic - 2 cap twice daily with plain water after meals
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