ALL ABOUT MENSTRUAL PROBLEMS
What is menses?
Menses literally means "a month". In women, it is a term given to the monthly discharge of blood from the vagina.
Menses is a part of the menstrual cycle in females. The cycle is governed by many hormonal changes which prepare the uterus for pregnancy.
It lasts for 28 days. On the 14th day of the cycle, one of the ovaries release an ovum. If fertilized, this ovum gets implanted in the uterine bed and pregnancy begins. In the absence of fertilization, the ovum along with some uterine muscles is shed from the vagina. The flow consists of blood mixed with clots and is dark to bright red in color.
Since, the ultimate goal of every human being on earth is reproduction, a healthy menstrual cycle is important to maintain a healthy reproductive system.
Menarche and menopause
Menarche is the onset of menstruation in females. It usually begins at the age of 11 to 13 years in young girls. The time of onset may be variable.
Menopause is the other end of the line which marks the termination of the fertile period in females. Menstrual cycle officially terminates at the time of menopause in women.
The time of menopause is different for different women. The approximate age of menopause is 51 years, but it may occur at any time from 30 years of age up to 60 years in some females.
What is a normal period?
Just as all of us are unique as individuals, menstrual cycle also has a unique normal course in every female.
As a general rule, normal menses lasts for 3 -5 days and is accompanied by a total blood loss of 30 -40 ml.
It is important for every women to realize what her normal course of menses is, only then she will be able to pinpoint any irregularities or abnormalities in it.
Pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS)
It is a set of symptoms affecting many women, a few days before the monthly periods.
The common symptoms of PMS include, emotional upset, irritable mood, fluid retention in the body, breast tenderness and fatigue etc.
3 out of every 4 women have experienced some or the other symptom of Pre-menstrual syndrome at any point of time.
Common causes of menstrual disturbance
- Thyroid problems
- Hormonal imbalance
- Sudden change in weight
- Large uterus
- Obstruction of menstrual blood flow due to anatomical abnormalities
When bleeding is less than normal
Possible reasons, if your periods are scanty or you have missed a period or two, vary according to your age.
For a fertile women, missing a period could be due to pregnancy, heavy exercises or severe malnutrition.
In perimenopausal (women nearing menopause) women, period irregularities are normal as the estrogen hormone supply is slowly reducing.
If there is no menses in elderly women for more than 12 months, it is considered to be menopause.
Other causes of less or no menstruation include, breast feeding, poly cystic ovarian disease, obesity, use of oral contraceptives etc.
Excessive bleeding during periods
If you are changing tampons or sanitary pads every hour or more frequently than you normally do, it is a sign that you may be bleeding abnormally.
Excessive bleeding during periods may occur due to uterine fibroids, ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage, birth control pills, cancer and blood clotting disorders
Bleeding in between periods
Though a rare occurrence, bleeding from the vagina in between the normal menstrual periods may occur due to an early menses. It may also occur due to some outgrowths from the uterus or the cervix.
Cancers, miscarriage, vaginal dryness and hormonal imbalance are the other factors.
Abnormal cramping during periods
It may occur normally as menses is accompanied by uterine contractions that expel the blood and clots out from the vagina. The pain in back and lower abdomen occurs to a varying degree in different women. This is called as dysmenorrhea.
For some, it may subside within a few hours, in others, the pain is accompanied by nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
Gynecological consultation should be considered in case of severe problems.
When to see a doctor?
A visit to the gynecologist becomes necessary if,
- You have irregular periods
- The duration of the cycle has increased or decreased since the last few months.
- Bleeding for more than seven days continuously
- Bleeding in between the menstrual cycle
- Severe pain during menses
- No bleeding for more than 12 months.
Herbal Remedies for Menopause
Planet Ayurveda provides best combination of effective herbal remedies such as Menopause Care Pack for ayurvedic treatment of menopause. All of these herbal remedies are free from side effects and are 100 percent natural and vegetarian.
- Naari Kalyan Churna - 1 teaspoonful, twice daily with plain water after meals.
- Female Health Support - 2 capsules, twice daily with plain water after meals.
- Pradarantak Churna - 1 teaspoonful, twice daily with plain water after meals.
1. Naari Kalyan Churna
Planet Ayurveda's Naari Kalyan Churna makes an excellent formulation again specially for females. It helps to fight against various symptoms of menopause like abnormal bleeding, vaginal dryness, poor urinary system etc. All these herbal formulations make a fabulous treatment for various female health issues.
2. Female Health Support
An astonishing herbal product for female health has been formulated by Planet Ayurveda named female health support that has got a number of female health benefits. It has been proved effective in mental and physical well being of females and improves whole reproductive system.
3. Pradrantak Churna
Pradarantak churna is a Special preparation by Planet Ayurveda. It is a blend of many wonderful herbs like Ashoka, Lodhra, Udumbur etc. This helps to take care of improper flow of menstruation along with vaginal dryness, poor bladder control etc and also strengthens the uterus muscles. Pradrantak churna also also enhances digestion to keep doshas in balance so that metabolism can be corrected.
Where to buy Menopause Care Pack?
To buy Menopause Care Pack, please visit store.planetayurveda.com/menopause-care-pack.html
Tips to stay healthy after menopause
Menopause stands for a permanent stoppage of menses in females. It is a gradual process but may occur abruptly in a few cases. Menopause signifies the end of the reproductive era in females.
There are a lot of hormonal changes involved that ultimately culminate in this condition. Menopause is a perfectly natural phenomenon that occurs in between 45 to 55 years of age in most females.
There are a lot of changes that affect a female after menopause which may not always be very welcoming. Some of these are hot flushes, osteoporosis, hirsiutism, wrinkling of skin, a tendency to put on weight, vaginal dryness, and recurrent urinary tract infections etc.
These changes can be easily managed by following a few simple steps and dietary modifications.
Some of these are mentioned below:
- Manage weight
- Take extra calcium
- Manage gastric troubles
- Consume more of soy proteins in diet
- Consume food rich in anti –oxidants
- Regular health checkup is a must