Guduchi, Tinospora Cordifolia

Description of plant

Guduchi is well known herbaceous vine and glabrous climbing shrub. It is deciduous, large and extensively spreading climbing shrub with numerous elongated twining branches and typical greenish yellow flowers. Heart shaped leaves of this shrub are simple and alternate with long petioles up to 15cm long in length and dark green in color. This herb contains unisexual flowers, male flowers are clustered and female flowers are solitary. Succulent bark of this herb is grey or creamy white in color and wood is white, soft and porous. When stem is freshly cut it gives a yellow tint. Flowering season of this herb is in month of June while fruits occur in the month of November. Fruits are drupe shaped that turn red after ripening. Fruits aggregates in 1-3 small, ovoid and smooth drupelets on thick stalk. Size of fruit of this herb is just like pea and color is scarlet or orange.

General information

Tinospora is an herbaceous vine. In Ayurveda it is regarded for its highest medicinal values. Giloy growing creeper on neem tree has best medicinal values than giloy growing alone. Giloy is an immune modulatory herb. Guduchi satva is extract obtained from giloy stems. Guduchi satva is highly medicinal in nature. Acharya charka categorized this herb under four medhya rasayana. Arial roots of this herb are very thin and achrya shushrut used these roots for suturing wounds because of its quick healing properties. This herb is used to reduce ama (toxins) and other microbes that are responsible for causing fever and other infections. It is antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer and immune stimulating herb. Berberine, tinosporin, palmetin, mangoflorine, choline, ethanol, isocolumbin, tembetarine and aporphine all chemical compounds are found in this herb.

Special note about Tinospora cordifolia

अमृता साङ्ग्राहिकवातहरदीपनीयश्लेष्मशोणितविबन्धप्रशमनानां

According to this shalok of charak samhita guduchi is one main herb with bitter taste. It helps in stimulating digestion and helps in alleviating vata and kapha dosha. Guduchi is beneficial herb to cure constipation and bleeding disorders.


Tinospora is distributed throughout tropical regions of India that are located 1200meters above from sea level from kumaon to Assam. It is native to India, Myanmar and Sri Lanka. It is very common vine found in deciduous and dry forests. In India it is easily available in Bihar, west Bengal, Kerala and Karnataka.


  • Kingdom - Plantae
  • Family - Minispermaceae
  • Order - Ranuncunales


  • English name - Indian Tinospora, Heartleaved moonseed
  • Hindi name - Giloy, Gurach
  • Kannada name - Agniballi, Amrutaballi
  • Malayalam nam - Amritavalli, Chitamrith
  • Telugu name - Dussiramu, Tippatige
  • Marathi name - Ambarvel, Amrita, Gulvel
  • Bengali name - Giloy, Gulancha
  • Oriya name - Gulochi, Gulancha
  • Gujarati name - Gulo, Gado, Galo
  • Tamil name - Amrida valli, Silam, Pittigai
  • Sikkim name - Gurjo
  • Punjabi name - Batindu, Gilogularich
  • Assamese name - Hoguni-lot
  • Konkani name - Amritvel
  • Urdu name - Guluncha
  • Nepalese name - Gurjo

Ayurvedic Properties

Hindi / Sanskrit English
Rasa Kashay, Tikta Taste Astringent, Bitter
Guna Laghu Physical Property Light
Virya Ushna Potency Hot
Vipaka Madhura Metabolic Property (After Digestion) Sweeet

Effects on Doshas

It balances vata and kapha dosha.

Charak Samhita Sushrut Samhita Bhavprakash
  • Vayasthapan - Rejunative group of herbs.
  • Trishna nigrah - Herbs used to reduce thirst.
  • Triptighna - Herbs relieve early satiation.
  • Daha prashmana - Herbs that relieve burning sensation.
  • Satnya shodhna - Herbs that helps in cleansing of breast milk.
  • Guduchyadi gana,
  • Patolyadi gana
  • Valli panchmoola
  • Aragvadhadi gana
  • Kakolyadi gana.
  • Guduchyadi gana

Ancient verse about Tinospora cordifolia

Ancient verse about Tinospora cordifolia

The Bhavprakash nighantu, edition of 2010: verse 1-10, page no- 269-271.

Guduchi, maduparni, amrita, amritvallari, china, chinrooha, chinnodbhava, vatsadni, jeevanti, tantrika, soma, somvalli, kundali, chakrlakshnika, dheera, vishlya, rasayani, chanderhasa, vaystha, mandali and devnirmita all are synonyms of tinospora. Guduchi is astringent, bitter and pungent in taste and after digestion taste of this herb is sweet. Guduchi is rejuvenating, helps in absorption, improves strength, improves digestion and relieves toxins (ama). Guduchi is light in nature with hot potency. This herb is used to cure thirst, burning sensation, diabetes, cough, anemia, and jaundice, leprosy, bleeding disorders, fever, worm infestation and helps in relieving vomiting.


The Bhavprakash nighantu with elaborated Hindi commentary by Padmashri prof. K.C. Chunekar, edited by Dr. G.S. Pandey: verse 1-10, edition of 1998: page no-269-271.

Practical uses of Tinospora cordifolia

  • Guduchi helps in boosting up immune system. It helps to remove extra toxins from body and rejuvenates body. According to Ayurveda this herb helps to maintain balance between all necessary ailments of body i.e. dosha, dhatu and mala. This herb helps to prevent body from diseases and maintain overall health.
  • Guduchi is very beneficial herb to relieve all type of high grade and low grade fever and other viral and bacterial infections. It helps to relieve underlying symptoms of fever such as burning sensation, weakness, fatigue, chills and excessive sweating. Giloy satva is very beneficial for all types of fever and other infections. This herb is also very effective for the sufferers of typhoid fever.
  • Tinospora is also very effective for various skin disorders like itching, burning sensation, leprosy, redness, swelling and tenderness.
  • Giloy is also very beneficial herb for uric acid and gout. It reduces the excess uric acid from body and toxin formation that is responsible for the causing gout. It is also very effective herb to treat rheumatoid arthritis. Decoction of giloy is used to treat gout.
  • It is also used to cure interstitial cystitis by reducing damage. It also helps to protect the epithelium of bladder.
  • It helps to reduce high cholesterol level and also very beneficial for the sufferers of diabetes.
  • Ethanol extract present in the roots of Tinospora are very beneficial for nervous system. This chemical compound helps to relieve stress and is best brain tonic.
  • It is also used to cure digestive ailments like indigestion, hyperacidity, worm infestation, abdominal pain and excessive thirst.
  • Roots of this herb are strong emetic in nature and very useful in treating bowel obstructions.
  • It helps in pacifying tridosha- vata, pitta and kapha.

Part used

  • Leaves
  • Bark
  • Stem
  • Roots


  • Stem powder - 3-6gms
  • Giloy satva - 500mg-1gm

Ayurvedic Products from Tinospora cordifolia by Planet Ayurveda

Guduchi Powder

This herb is used in the formulation of Giloy Powder. This herbal product is used as a dietary supplement, for digestion, support healthy temperature, healthy immune system, and respiratory health and to balance vata and pitta doshas in body. Also helpful in cancer patients.

Dosage : 1/2 to 1 teaspoonful twice daily with plain water after the meals.

Giloy Capsules

This herb is used in the formulation of Giloy Capsules. This herbal product is maintaining overall health and boosts immune system in body.

Dosage : 1-2 Capsules daily with plain water after meals.

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