Jamun (Syzygium cumini)

Description of plant

Jamun is slow growing tree, medium to large sized up to height of 30mt and can live up to 100 years or more. At the upper parts of tree bark is light greyish and smooth, at the base of tree bark becomes dark grey and rough. Wood of this tree is water resistant. Leaves are like turpentine and have soothing aroma. Young pinkish leaves are changing into leathery, glossy and dark green with a yellow colored midrib. Leaves contains rich nutritional value, offers dense shade and used as foliage for animals. Flowers of this tree are very tiny, white colored and aromatic about 5mm in diameter. Flowering of this tree starts from March to April. Fruits are ovoid shaped, large berries, unripe fruit is green changes to pink and finally it changes to dark crimson after ripening. Its fruit has special property to color tongue purple and fruit is sweet, sour and astringent in taste.

General information

Jamun, jambolan, black plum, java plum and jambul all are common names of jamun and it is humble fruit with minimum calories. It is seasonal and nutritious fruit with unique shape and color available throughout Asia in abundance. It is delicious plum like fruit that is very rich in iron, vitamin A and vitamin C. Fruit is eaten like healthy snacks in various parts of world and sweet and tangy flavor of this fruit is really good. In ayurvedic medicine system fruits, seeds, bark and leaves are used to treat various serious ailments. Jamun is richest source of anti-oxidants and it is fully loaded with flavonoids that is very essential for overall body health.

Jamun is also called "Fruit of God" and it has vast significance in Hindu religion and mythology. According to Hindu tradition and texts during exile of 14 years, lord Ram have eaten different berries and jamun is one of them.

Habitat

Evergreen tropical tree of jamun is native to Indian subcontinent and adjoining parts of Southeast Asia. This species is distributed all over Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Philippines and Indonesia.

Classification

  • Kingdom - Plantae
  • Order - Mytrales
  • Family - Myrtaceae

Names

  • Latin name - Syzygium cumini
  • English name - Java plum, Black plum
  • Hindi name - Jamun, Jambol, Jambul
  • Bengali name - Kala jam
  • Punjabi name - Jamalu
  • Telugu name - Neredu, Chettu
  • Tamil name - Saval naval
  • Malayalam name - Naval
  • Kannada name - Nerale

Ayurvedic Properties

Hindi / Sanskrit English
Rasa Kashay, Madhur, Amla Taste Astringent, Sweet, Sour
Guna Laghu, Ruksha Physical Property Light, Dry
Virya Sheet Potency Cold
Vipaka Katu Metabolic Property
(After Digestion)
Pungent

Effects on Doshas

It balances pitta and Kapha doshas.

Charak Samhita Sushrut Samhita and vagbhata
  • Chardinigrahan - Herbs which are used to treat vomiting.
  • Mutarsangrehniya - Herbs which cause urine retention.
  • Purishashaviranjniye - Herbs which are good to restore normal color of feces.
Nyagrodhadi gan

Ancient verse about Syzygium cumini

Ancient verse about Syzygium cumini
Ancient verse about Syzygium cumini
  • Surbhipatra, rajajambu, mahaphala, surbhi all are synonyms of Syzygium cumini.
  • Jamun is sweet and sour in taste, aggravates vata dosha and it is styptic and used to pacify kapha and pitta dosha.

Practical uses of Syzygium cumini

  • Jamun fruit works miraculously in diabetes. It is wonderful medicine for the sufferers of hyperglycemia. Because it's low glycemic index maintains proper sugar level in human body.
  • This fruit is rich in iron and richness of iron makes it a natural blood purifier as it ensures proper blood supply of oxygenated blood throughout body.
  • It is good source of vitamin A and C and it is very beneficial for overall health of eye and skin. Astringent property of this herb makes skin healthy, glowing and free from acne and pimple.
  • It contains various chemical compounds like oxalic acid, gallic acid etc. which makes this fruit capable to fight against malaria and various other microbial and bacterial infections.
  • It protects our body from the harmful effects of free radicals that are main cause of cardiovascular disorders and good for overall heart health.
  • It is also used for the treatment of lung associated disorders such as cough, asthma and bronchitis.
  • This fruit is used for digestive system related problems like flatulence, abdominal pain and dysentery.
  • This herb is aphrodisiac in nature and it is used as tonic to generalize weakness, treating anemia and to improve sexual weakness.
  • Jamun bark is very effective for the females suffering with leucorrhea.
  • Jamun in combination with other herbs is used for the treatment of constipation and also helpful in pancreas related ailments.
  • It is also very beneficial for depression, exhaustion and other nervous system related disorders.
  • This herb is also beneficial to make strength of teeth and gums.
  • This herb is also very beneficial in mouth ulcers and sore throat.
  • It pacifies kapha and pitta dosha but it aggravates vata dosha.

Part used

  • Seeds
  • Leaf
  • Bark
  • Fruit

Dosage

  • Fresh juice - 10-20ml
  • Seed powder - 1-3gm
  • Fruits - as per taste

Caution

  • It should be avoided to take jamun fruits empty stomach.
  • Intake of milk at least one hour after and before this fruit is avoided.

Ayurvedic Products which contain this herb by Planet Ayurveda

1. Madhumehantak Churna

Madhumehantak Churna is a potent combination of rejuvenating herbs used in Ayurveda since 5000 B.C. Ayurveda is traditional indian medicine and is full of knowledge about herbal remedies for various diseases. There are various herbal remedies for diabetes described in this ancient texts of knowledge called vedas. The combination in this traditional remedy for diabetes called - Madhumehantak churna is a blend of most effective herbs for diabetes and its complications. These herbs act together in a synergistic manner and are effective in lowering the blood sugar levels naturally. Latest researches on Salacia oblonga and Pterocarpus proves their efficacy in controlling diabetes and prevention of complications. Vizaysaar bark is used in many countries as a traditional remedy for diabetes. It is used by making wooden “Miracle” tumbler/glass for keeping the water overnight and consuming early morning to keep the sugar level under control. This product is a combination of unique herbs to effectively control diabetes. The herbs Bitter gourd, Gymnema and Eugenia has their definite role in bringing the level of diabetes under control.

2. Stholyantak Churna

Stholyantak Churna is purely a herbal formulation without any chemicals added into it. The ingredients are frequently used in Ayurvedic system of medicine since 5,000 B.C. without any side effects. Our formula does not contain any preservatives, chemcials or synthetic flavors or colors. It is 100 % natural herb powder containing weight loss herbs. It is a unique blend of various rare weight loss herbs to make you loose extra fats from your body. The herbs reduce the weight naturally and without any side effects. They act in a synergistic manner to help body get rid of extra fat. This formula not only removes fats but also corrects carbohydrate and protein metabolism. The formula is rich in natural anti-oxidants, vitamins and minerals. It not only helps loosing weight but also useful combination of rejuvenating herbs. It can also be used in conditions where the metabolism is sluggish such as hypothyroidism.

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