Patala (Stereospermum Suaveolens)

Description Of Plant

Patala (Stereospermum suaveolens) is about 6-9 cm long, 1-1.5cm thick. It is cylindrical in shape, extremely externally brown to creamy, rough due to vertical fissures, cracks, ridges and transverse fine lenticels, internally dark brown, lamellation of stratification due to presence of concentric bands of fibers.

General Description

It has various therapeutic properties like diuretic, cardiac tonic, anti-inflammatory. Its different parts are used in the management of different disorders. Its roots are useful in the balance of vata and their related disorders. Its flowers are cold in potency and useful in the management of blood related disorders.

Chemical Constituents

Plant contains naphthoquinone lapachol. Root bark contains 6-sitosterol, n-triacontanol. Root, heart-wood contains lapachol, dehydro-a-lapachone and dehydrotectol and Leaves contain flavone glycoside scutellarein, dinatin-7-glucuronide. Seeds contain non-drying oil.

Bitter substances, sterols, glycosides and glyco alkaloids. Its Root bark contains bitter substance. Lapachol isolated which showed highly significant activity against walker 256 carcinoma. Lapachol, Scuttellarrein, Dehydrotectol, ceryl alcohol, oleic, Palmitic, Stearic acid.

It has two varieties mentioned by Bhavaprakasha as Patala and Sitapatala. Patala is identified as Stereospermum suaveolens and Sitapatala as Stereospermum chelonoides.


  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Order: Lamiales
  • Family: Bignoniaceae
  • Genus: Stereospermum
  • Species: suaveolens


It is found in North circus and Deccan, in deciduous forests; Western Ghats and also in deciduous forests, in the hills of Mysore, Malabar and Travancore, Scarce.


  • Botanical Name: Stereospermum suaveolens
  • Hindi Name:  Padhal, Podal
  • Telugu Name:Kaligottu, Padiri, Kaligottu, Kokkesa, Podira
  • Bengali Name:Parul
  • Punjabi Name:Padala
  • Marathi & Gujarathi Name: Padal
  • Tamil Name: Padari
  • Assamese Name: Parul
  • Bengali Name: Parul
  • English Name:Rose Flower Fragrant
  • Kannada Name: Padramora
  • Malayalam:  Padiri
  • Oriya Name: Boro, Patulee
  • Punjabi: Padal

Ayurvedic Properties

Hindi / Sanskrit English
Rasa Tikta, Kashaya Taste Bitter, Astringent
Guna Laghu, Rooksha Physical Property Light, Dry
Virya Anusna Potency Hot
Vipaka Katu Taste Conversion After Digestion Pungent

Note: its flower is Sheeta Virya in nature (coolant).

Effects On Doshas

It is tridosahara i.e. balances all the three doshas (vata, pitta and kapha).

Classical Categorization

Charak Samhita Sushrut Samhita Vagbhata

Sothahara - Anti-Inflammatory group of herbs

Aragvadhadi, Brihat panchamula, Adhobhagahara


Ancient Verse about Stereospermum suaveolens

Ancient Verse about Stereospermum suaveolens

The Bhavprakash nighantu, edition of 1998: verse 19-22, page no-278-280.

It states that different name and properties of padal- patil, patala, amotha, maghudhut, faleruha, krishanvrinta, kuberakshi, kalsthali, alivallam and tamarpushpi.

It is bitter and astringent in taste and anusna (not very hot) in potency. It helps to balance all three doshas and manages the anorexia (aaruchi), asthma and bronchitis (shwas), inflammation and edema (shoth), vomiting (vaman), hiccups, blood disorders (raktprokap) and excessive thirst (trisha).

The properties of flowers and fruits are - flowers are sweet and astringent in taste and cold in potency. It helps to maintain the kapha and pitta doshas. Its fruit is used to manage the hiccups and blood related disorders.


The Bhavprakash nighantu with elaborated Hindi commentary by Padmashri prof. K. C. Chunekar, edited by Dr. G. S. Pandey: edition of 1998: verse 19-22, page no-278-280.

Practical Uses Of Stereospermum Suaveolens

  • Diuretic - Being diuretic in nature, this herb helps in easy urination and maintains the proper urine flow. It also helps to provide relief in the burning sensation, difficulty in urination and frequent urination.
  • Cardiac tonic - This herb has the great medicinal importance and acts as the cardiac tonic also. It helps to maintain the good heart health as it helps in the strengthening of heart muscles and arteries. Moreover it also maintains the good blood flow in the body.
  • It is also used to treat anorexia and improves the appetite.
  • Piles - It is quite effective in the treatment of piles. It helps to improve the digestion and resolves the problem of constipation. This herb also provides relief   from the problems like itching, irritation, redness, soreness and swelling around anus.
  • Anti-inflammatory - It is used in the edema and helps in inflammatory conditions. It also reduces the pain.
  • Blood purifier - It helps to remove toxins from blood and purifies it.
  • It is helpful in difficult breathing, vomiting, hiccups and thirst.
  • Blood disorders - use of this herb is quite good in the blood disorders like anemia. This herb enhances the production of Red Blood Cells. It also helps to provide relief in symptoms associated with anemia like fatigue, lethargy and weakness. 
  • It is useful in kapha and vata related disorders like inflammation, asthma, fever, blood related disorders.
  • Its root is coolant in nature and has diuretic property.
  • Its bark is vatakaphashamaka.
  • Its Fruits and flowers are vatapittashamaka.
  • Its flowers are vajikar, paustika and sitala and are taken in the form of confection as aphrodisiac. It helps to improve semen quality.
  • It is useful in gastritis and gastric ulcers.

Part Used

Root bark, flower, seed, leaf, kshara


  • Decoction: 50-100 ml
  • Kshara: 1-2.5 gm

Side Effects

No known side effects. Safe to use in lactation period and in children. To be used only under medical supervision during pregnancy.

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