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Ama-Vata (Rheumatoid Arthritis) & Ayurveda

Introduction

Diseases of the joints are better known as rheumatic diseases. Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and gout are common varieties of arthritis encountered in clinical practice. Rheumatism is a broad term used for injury or inflammation of soft tissues. To understand the disease process in various types of arthritis, it is necessary to understand the basic make up of a joint.

Diagram of a Typical Joint is Shown Below:

Amavata, Ayurveda, Rheumatoid arthritis

Pain, inflammation (swelling), fever, loss of function, and morning stiffness are cardinal features of arthritis. Based on the character of pain, involvement of the joint and laboratory tests, the final diagnosis is arrived at. Some form of arthritis involves other organs like heart and muscles. It is common in rheumatic and rheumatoid arthritis, respectively.

Cause

Ama (substance produced by improper functioning of the digestive system) is considered to be root cause of Ama-vata (Rheumatoid arthritis) in Ayurveda. It circulates in the blood and finally collects in the joint surface causing pain and loss of function. Rheumatoid arthritis accounts for 15 per cent of the total rheumatic disorders. The incidence is more common in women. The disease is more prevalent in cold and damp conditions.

Pathology of Amavata in Ayurveda

Arthritic diseases have been known to exist since antiquity. Probably the earliest description of arthritis occurs in Athravaveda, around 1000 B.C.1 Charaka Samhita, written in the post Vedic period, has dealt more accurately with the etiology, Ayurveda suggests that arthritis is caused primarily by an excess of ama (byproduct of improper digestion) and lack of agni (digestive fire). This can be caused by poor digestion and a weakened colon, resulting in the accumulation of undigested food and the buildup of waste matter. Poor digestion allows toxins to accumulate in the body, and problems with the colon allow the toxins to reach the joint symptomatology, diagnosis and management of arthritis. Prognosis of arthritis, as proclaimed by the ancient physicians of India, remains unaltered.

Signs and Symptoms

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic form of arthritis characterized by pain and inflammation of more than two joints. It commonly strikes small joints of the hands. The arthritis has symmetrical pattern unlike gout and osteoarthritis. The finger joints are worst effected by rheumatoid arthritis. Deviation of hand and z- shaped deformity of the thumb are special features of rheumatoid arthritis.

Rheumatoid factor is found to be positive in 80 per cent of the patients. Erythrocytic sedimentation rate (ESR) is on the higher side in acute cases. Total leukocyte count (TLC) and differential leukocyte count (DLC) are also high. In rare cases anemia is found. Rheumatoid arthritis not only affects joints but it attacks organs like heart, muscle and eye also.

Precautions and Diet

The patient should consume fresh vegetables, garlic and black pepper. Exposure to cold and damp conditions should be avoided. Use of curd is prohibited at night. White grams, pea, soybean, potato, and cold water bath should be avoided.

Wheat, ghee, sathi variety of rice, ginger, garlic, punarnava, pomegranate, mango, and grape are useful in rheumatoid arthritis.

Related Information

VIDEOS

LINKS

WHAT IS AYURVEDA?

EIGHT BRANCHES OF AYURVEDA

MANAS PRAKRITI

AYURVEDA - A HOLISTIC APPROACH TOWARD HEALTH OF A MANKIND

AYURVEDA FUNDAMENTALS

ASHTANGA AYURVEDA (8 LIMBS OF AYURVEDA)

LAKSHANA AND CLASSIFICATION OF SIDDHANTA

DARSHANA

PADARTHA

DRAVYA - LAKSHANA CLASSIFICATION ENUMERATION

KALA IN AYURVEDA

ATMA WITH ITS IMPORTANCE IN AYURVEDA

PURUSHA

MANAS AND ITS IMPORTANCE IN AYURVEDA

MANAS CHIKITSA IN AYURVEDA

TAMAS AS THE TENTH DRAVYA

GUNAS IN AYURVEDA

KARMA VIGYANIYAM

SAMANYA VIGYANIYAM

VISHESHA VIGYANIYAM

SAMAVAYA VIGYANIYAM

ABHAVA VIGYANIYAM

PRAMANA PARIKSHA VIGYANIYAN

KARYA KARANA SIDDHANTA

HISTORY OF AYURVEDA

ORIGIN OF AYURVEDA

CONCEPT OF PANCHMAHABHUTA (FIVE ELEMENTS)

CONCEPT OF TRIENERGIES

VATA-PITTA-KAPHA BODY TYPES & PERSONALITIES

VATA

PITTA

KAPHA

VATA DOSHA

PITTA DOSHA

KAPHA DOSHA

DOSHA VRIDDHI AND DOSHA KSHAYA

PANCHMAHABHOOT AND TRIDOSHA

TRIGUNA THEORY OF AYURVEDA

SROTAS - CHANNELS OF CIRCULATION IN HUMAN BODY

PRAKRITI IN AYURVEDA

TRAYOSTAMBH IN AYURVEDA

UNBALANCED DIET - VIRUDH AHARA

VIPAKA IN AYURVEDA

PRABHAVA IN AYURVEDA

CONCEPT OF AGNI IN AYURVEDA

13 TYPES OF AGNI IN AYURVEDA

CONCEPT OF AMA IN AYURVEDA

AGNI VERSUS AMA

PANCHKARMA IN AYURVEDA

PANCHAKARMA PROCEDURES

METHODS OF DIAGNOSIS IN AYURVEDA

RASASHASTRA IN AYURVEDA

AMA-VATA (RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS) AND AYURVEDA

PREVENTIVE ASPECTS OF AYURVEDA

THE BASICS OF STAYING HEALTHY WITH AYURVEDA

SNEHANA IN AYURVEDA

YOGA AND MEDITATION IN AYURVEDA

VIRECHANA THERAPY IN AYURVEDA

RAKTAMOKSHANA THERAPY IN AYURVEDA

STRESS LEADS TO MANY DISEASES

RELATION BETWEEN MENTAL AND PHYSICAL DISORDERS

HOW AYURVEDA HELPS IN HEALING THE PROBLEM?

NASYA CHIKITSA IN AYURVEDA

VIRYA AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE

RASAYANA AND VAJIKARANA

ASHTANGA YOGA (8 LIMBS OF YOGA)

SHADRASA - 6 TASTES IN AYURVEDA

PANCHA KASHAYA KALPANA

KRIYAKALA

AHARAPAKA

SAPTA DHATUS (SEVEN TISSUES) IN AYURVEDA

OJAS (VYADHISHAMTA)

ASHRAYA-ASHRAYI BHAVA

UPDHATU

MALA - WASTE PRODUCTS

CONCEPT OF SHARIR (HUMAN BODY)

NAADI PARIKSHA (PULSE DIAGNOSIS)

SHIRA (BLOOD VESSELS)

BRAHMCHARYA

GARBHA SHARIRA (AYURVEDIC EMBRYOLOGY)

KOSHTHA

DHAMANI (ARTERY)

ASTHI (BONE)

SNAYU (LIGAMENTS)

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