Panchendriyartha Vipratipatti Adhyaya - 30th Chapter of Sushruta Samhita
Panchendriyartha Vipratipatti Adhyaya tells about the signs of five sensory perceptions which are told by Lord Dhanwantri. This Chapter is well explained in Susruta Samhita which is the most important foundation in the texts of Ayurveda. Susruta Samhita is an ancient text of Ayurveda which includes the surgical procedures which are mainly followed by modern surgery facts. One of the earliest palm-leaf manuscripts of the Sushruta Samhita can be found in the Kaiser Library in Nepal. The Suruta-Samhita is believed to have been known to the scholar Dhabala (c. 300–500 CE), giving the most recent date for the work's current form. Many academic studies have been conducted on the Suruta-samhita, most of which are based on texts that were published in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The Sushruta Samhita, which is still in use, has 186 chapters and lists 700 medicinal herbs, 64 mineral preparations, and 57 preparations made from animal sources in addition to 1,120 ailments. In this article, we will study in detail the bad omens of the five sense organs.
An old Sanskrit Text which is sushruta samhita contains all the texts of surgery and medicines. A physician from ancient India named Acharya Sushruta lived in the seventh or sixth century BCE. He is known as the 'Father of Medicine' and 'Plastic Surgery'. Both health and disease are discussed in the Rigveda and Atharavaveda. The three classics, Charak Samhita, Susruta Samhita, and Ashtanga Hridya, are further divided into eight branches, including Surgery, Ear, Nose, and Throat, as well as the many supernatural ailments, which are treated by Therapeutics, Paediatrics, and rejuvenation. There are other 6 sections which are explained in Sushruta Samhita-
- Sutra Sthana - Origin of medicine and the treatment provides advice to Vaidyans.
- Nidana Sthana - Tells about the pathology.
- Sharira Sthana - Explains about the anatomy of the human body
- Chikitsa Sthana - Tells about the special method of treatment.
- Kalpa Sthana - This tells about the preparation of the medicines.
- Uttar Sthana - Explains about the disorder of the eyes, nervous system and the overall health of the body.
Shalya Tantra has many different ideas, some of which include rhinoplasty, removing the deceased foetus, and lithotomy. Ayurveda has a lengthy history and its roots can be traced back to 3000 years ago in India. Ayurveda is linked with Lord Dhanwantri (the physician to the Gods of Hindu) which was received by Brahma and was set in the Vedas (Atharvaveda) which lasted about 800 BCE.
1. Fatal Signs Of The Five Sensory Perceptions
This chapter named Panchendriya Artha Vipratipatifatal shows the signs of five sensory organs which is explained by Lord Dhanwantri.
2. Symptoms Of Arisht
The various abnormalities or disturbances which occur in the body, character and body type are known as Arishta.
3. Sabda Arisht (Hearing Fatal Signs)
- The person who hears sounds such as the roar of the ocean, the sound of the city horn or clouds which are not actually present or does not hear the sounds of the oceans or sounds of the cities although being present or hearing completely unrelated noises such as the sounds of the domestic or wild animals in an opposite manner.
- Who enjoy the sound of hatred or enemies and become angry with the talk of friends.
- Who becomes deaf and does not hear the sounds without any known reason and this person is generally considered, as a person like that is thought to be losing his life and would soon pass away.
4. Sparsha Arisht (Touch Fatal Signs)
- The person who understands a cold thing as hot and a hot thing as cold feels a burning sensation and cold eruptions appear on the body.
- The patient shivers from a severe cold though his body is hot, so he does not understand or perceive the cutting parts of the body. So this is understood to be losing his life.
5. Fatal Signs Of The Appearance
- The person feels that his body is covered in dust and there is a change in the colour of the body
- Some other colours are different from the normal colours.
- Appearance of fine lines on the parts of the body. This is generally considered as the person losing life.
6. Fatal Signs Of Odour
- The person whose body attracts the blue bees and they swarm on the body even after he has showered and applied perfumes, or give off the impression that his body smells delicious.
- The person who emits the sweet odour from his body without any known reason is said to lose his life.
7. Fatal Signs Of The Taste
- The person who understands the taste of food in some different way which is different from the real taste of the food.
- Which taste different and are used improperly but maintain the normalcy of the doshas and Agni
- Not understanding the taste without any known reason is considered to lose the life
8. Fatal Signs Of The Smell
- The person who understands pleasant smells as unpleasant and unpleasant as pleasant, the smell different from the usual smell.
- Who does not understand the smell of freshly extinguished lamp wick, who does not understand the smell, regardless of having any illnesses.
- It is understood to lose life
- The person who understands the hot and cold touch, the different periods of time and in different directions, or such other factors in opposite manner is about to lose his life.
9. Roopjanya Arisht
- The person who sees the stars as bright during the day, who sees the sun shining at night and the moon shining in the daytime.
- The person who sees a rainbow and lightning even when there are no clouds in the sky.
- Lightening with the dark clouds in the clear blue sky.
- Who watches the sky full of Chariots, palaces, vehicles such as aeroplanes
- Sees the sky, air of different shapes and earth as burning hot or covered with smoke, mist and cloth
- Earth is drowning in water and sees the ground as the dice game
- The person who can not see the star which is associated with the Pole star and Milky Galaxy is considered as losing their life.
10. Drishti Janya Arisht
- The person can not see his own image in moonlight, mirror, sunlight or in water
- Sees the image with various missing parts or the distorted image of animals such as dogs, crows, Rakshas, Pisach, Naga and Bhuta.
- The person who sees the fire blue peacock neck without smoke loses his life and the healthy person is further affected by disease.
Panchendriyartha Vipratipatti Adhyaya tells about the signs of five sensory perceptions which are told by Lord Dhanwantri. The Kaiser Library in Nepal houses one of the earliest palm-leaf manuscripts of the Sushruta Samhita. Dhabala, a scholar who lived between 300 and 500 CE, is thought to have been familiar with the Suruta-Samhita. He is credited with founding both plastic surgery and medicine. The Rigveda and Atharavaveda both discuss health and disease. The three classics, Charak Samhita, Susruta Samhita, and Ashtanga Hridya, are further separated into eight branches, including Surgery, Ear, Nose, and Throat, as well as the numerous supernatural illnesses, which are addressed by Therapeutics, Paediatrics, and rejuvenation. Further, we discussed the bad omens which are related to five sensory organs in detail.