Diet Plan for Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B is an infectious viral disease that affects the liver. Diet plays an important role in maintaining liver health. In general, some obese patients develop fatty liver which also aggravates their HBV infection. Hepatitis patients may also suffer from fever, diarrhea, and joint pain. Some people with chronic hepatitis may develop cirrhosis or scarring of the liver.
The lower the salt, the better this fluid accumulation is controlled.
Patients with hepatitis without ascites are advised not to over-indulge in salt intake, although their restrictions need not be as severe.
DIET CHART FOR HEPATITIS B
Amla juice (20 ml) / Herbal tea
Broken wheat porridge (Veg / Sweet Dalia) / Veg oats /Veg Semolina (veg upma)/ Veg poha (Rice flakes) / Veg Idli / Vermicelli (veg / sweet Sewian) / BesanChilla (gram flour) / Chapatti with veg or Dal/ Egg white portion only
Fruit / Coconut water / Herbal tea / Green tea / Sugarcane Juice / Salad
Missi Roti / Boiled Rice / Sago Khichri / Sweet Rice / Vegetable + Dal / Yogurt / Salad
Roasted Chana / Sprouts / Sago / Green tea / Soup (Home-made) / Herbal tea
Chapatti / Boiled Rice / Vegetable + Dal
Cereals to be consumed
Whole grains cereals, Whole wheat, Porridge, Brown rice, Quinoa, Millet, Multigrain, Sabudana, Rice flakes.
Cereals to be avoided
Sweet biscuit, Cream filled biscuit, Cream crackers, White rice
Fruits to be consumed
Avocadoes, Apples, Apricots, Watermelon, Banana, Blueberries, Cranberries, Guava, Papaya,
Fruits to be avoided
Lemon, Mangoes, All citrus fruits and All canned and packaged fruits
Vegetables to be consumed
Bottle gourd, Bitter gourd, Ridge gourd, Pumpkin, Carrots, Coriander leaves, Spinach leaves, Fenugreek leaves, Turnip, Potatoes, Beetroot, Spinach, Mustard greens ,Chicory, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Sweet potatoes, Kale, Winter squash, Broccoli, Mushroom.
Vegetables to be avoided
Canned and Frozen vegetables, Onion, Garlic, Ginger. Chips and roasted potatoes, Crisp and cheese filled snacks, Coconut
Pulses to be consumed
All Pulses, Legumes
Pulses to be avoided
Dried and frozen pulses
Dairy Products to be consumed
Low-fat yogurt, Buttermilk.
Dairy Products to be avoided
Whole milk and cream, Full-fat yogurt, Cheese, Cream cheese, Condensed milk
Spices to be consumed
Cumin, Fennel, Coriander, Salt, Thyme, Turmeric, Ginger, Black Pepper, Fenugreek seeds.
Spices to be avoided
Red chilies powder, Table salt (excess).
Drinks to be consumed
Coconut water, Sugarcane juice, Fat-free homemade soups, Green juice, Herbal tea, Beetroot juice, Herbal tea, Aloe Vera juice, Beetroot juice, Bitter gourd juice, Gooseberry juice, Pumpkin juice, Pomegranate juice
Drinks to be avoided
Whole milk drinks, Cream based liqueurs, Canned soup and packaged soup, Alcohol, Sweetened drinks, Squashes, Hot chocolate drinks, Coffee, Tea
Flesh Foods to be consumed
Egg white only
Flesh Foods to be avoided
NUTS AND DRY FRUITS
Dry Fruits to be consumed
4-5 Almond (soak in water overnight),Flax seed, Pumpkin seed
Dry Fruits to be avoided
Pistachio, Raisins, Cashew nuts
Fats to be consumed
Cow ghee, Olive oil, Canola oil, Flaxseed oil, Coconut oil.
Fats to be avoided
Mustard oil, Hydrogenated oil
Other Foods to be consumed
Homemade only, Jaggery, Honey
Other Foods to be avoided
All bakery products or processed, Sauces, Fruit jellies, Jams, Mayonnaise, White sugar, Ice-cream, Cream soups, Butter scotch, Coconut bar, Chutneys, Pickles, Junk food, Deep fried foods, All Spicy foods, Too much salty food
- Walk for at least 30-45 min is recommended.
- Whole fruit should be preferred to fruit juices.
- Skipping of meals should be avoided, especially the breakfast
- Water intake should be increased at least 8-10 glass regularly
- Herbal Tea - Boil ½ tsp each of fennel, coriander, cumin in 3 cups of water till it’s reduced to 1 cups
- Flax seed - 1 tsp/ day