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Diet Plan for Patients of Ulcerative Colitis

It is an inflammatory bowel disorder which involving the mucosa and sub mucosa of the large intestine. Symptoms of ulcerative colitis are bleeding, mucous and difficulty in passing stools. Intake of unbalanced diet and heredity play huge role to cause ulcerative colitis. Low – fat, Low – fiber diet is recommended for ulcerative colitis patients because it prevents bleeding while passing stool. This diet is also helpful to prevent ailments like diarrhea, crohn's disease, and cramps. High – fiber diet can increase bowel movements, cramping and bloating. Food rich in fat can trigger symptoms of ulcerative colitis and it takes long time for digestion. Avoid raw fruits and vegetables as they are rich in fibers.

Ulcerative Colitis diet charts

DIET CHART FOR ULCERATIVE COLITIS

EARLY-MORNING

1 glass of water

BREAKFAST

Veg Poha / Chapatti with vegetable / Veg suji Chilla / Veg idli / Suji kheer / Veg Upma / Veg Sewian

MID-MORNING

Fruits (without skin) / Coconut water (fresh) / Pomegranate juice

LUNCH

Veg Khichri / wheat Chapati / 1 bowl of boiled rice + 1 bowl of vegetable + 1 cup of dal / curd

EVENING

Fresh yogurt with mashed banana / Marigold juice / rose petal juice , wheatgrass juice.

DINNER

Veg khichri / 2 wheat roti / 1 cup of boiled rice + 1 bowl of vegetable + 1 bowl of dal

DIET INSTRUCTIONS

CEREALS

Cereals to be consumed

Whole wheat, Semolina, Vermicelli, Rice.

Cereals to be avoided

Whole refined flour

FRUITS

Fruits to be consumed (Steamed or Boiled)

Banana, Pomegranate, Apple, Pear, Bael fruit, Muskmelon (very less quantity)

Fruits to be avoided

All citrus fruits like Oranges, Pineapple, Lemon and Watermelon.

VEGETABLES

Vegetables to be consumed

Pumpkin, Bottle gourd, Ridge gourd, Round gourd, Ash guard, Sponge gourd, Potato, Turnip , Carrot, Radish (if suits).

Vegetables to be avoided

Garlic, Ginger, Tomato, Brinjal, Spinach, Onion, Green leafy vegetable, Peas, Cucumber, Taro roots, Beans, Okra

PULSES

Pulses to be consumed

Green gram (moong dal), and Red lentil (Masoor daal).

Pulses to be avoided

Chick peas (Kabuli chana), Kidney beans (Rajmah), and Black gram (Urad dal).

DAIRY PRODUCTS

Dairy Products to be consumed

Curd (In limited quantity)

Dairy Products to be avoided

Milk, Full-fat yogurt, Cream cheese, Sour curd, and Condensed milk

SPICES

Spices to be consumed

Fennel, Cumin, Coriander, Mint, Thyme, Black pepper,Turmeric
Note: All in small quantity.

Spices to be avoided

Red chillies, Green chillies

DRINKS

Drinks to be consumed

Vegetable soup, Coconut water, Carrot juice, Herbal Tea, Pomegranate juice- 50 ml/ day.

Drinks to be avoided

Alcohol, Carbonated beverages, Canned and Packaged soup, and Canned fruit juices, Caffeinated drinks, Coffee, Tea, Smoothie, Milk, Lime water.

FLESH FOODS

Flesh Foods to be consumed

Egg white, chicken soup, and roasted and grilled fish (Occasionally).

Flesh Foods to be avoided

Fried, Processed or frozen meats, Prawns, Lobster, Crab, Lean Beef, Pork, Lamb, Ham, Turkey, Egg yolk, Sausages, Mutton, Duck, Goose, Meat pies, Red meat, Organ parts like Liver, Kidney, and Chest.

SEEDS AND DRY FRUITS

Dry Fruits to be consumed

Soaked Almonds (5 pieces) and Walnuts (Soaked)

Dry Fruits to be avoided

Cashew nuts, Peanuts, Flax seed, Sesame seed, Pumpkin seed, Raisins, Walnut, Hazelnuts, Prunes, Figs.

OILS

Oils to be consumed

Cow ghee, Sesame oil, Rice bran oil

Oils to be avoided

Unsaturated fats, Cream, Palm oil, Coconut oil, Butter, hydrogenated oil, Soybean oil, Sunflower oil, Cod liver oil, Flaxseed oil.

OTHER FOODS

Other Foods to be consumed

Homemade only, Tragacanth gums, Jaggery, Almond milk and Soya milk

Other Foods to be avoided

All bakery products or processed, Sauces, Jams, Mayonnaise, Ice-cream, Cream soups, Butterscotch, Coconut bar, Chutneys, Pickles,Honey, Junk and deep-fried foods, Spicy foods. Triphala, Aloe Vera juice, Tamarind and Psyllium husk.

LIFESTYLE AND DIETARY TIPS

  • Walk for at least 30 min is recommended
  • Whole fruits should be preferred to fruit juices
  • Skipping meals should be avoided, especially the breakfast.
  • Water intake should be limited 8-10 glasses per day
  • Decoction of Pomegranate peel
  • Juice of marigold leaves
  • Coriander & Mint – Fresh leaves properly cleaned and washed - 5 to 8 leaves per day or 10 ml juice
  • Herbal Tea - Boil ½ tsp each of fennel, cumin and coriander in 3 cups of water until it's reduced to 1 cup. Let it cool down, strain and then drink. Make fresh everytime.
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Best Ayurvedic Doctor in Mohali - Dr. Vikram Chauhan

Dr. Vikram Chauhan

MD (AYURVEDA)

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