Diet Plan for Patients of Ulcerative Colitis
It is an inflammatory bowel disorder which involving the mucosa and sub mucosa of the large intestine. Symptoms of ulcerative colitis are bleeding, mucous and difficulty in passing stools. Intake of unbalanced diet and heredity play huge role to cause ulcerative colitis. Low – fat, Low – fiber diet is recommended for ulcerative colitis patients because it prevents bleeding while passing stool. This diet is also helpful to prevent ailments like diarrhea, crohn's disease, and cramps. High – fiber diet can increase bowel movements, cramping and bloating. Food rich in fat can trigger symptoms of ulcerative colitis and it takes long time for digestion. Avoid raw fruits and vegetables as they are rich in fibers.
DIET CHART FOR ULCERATIVE COLITIS
1 glass of water
Veg Poha / Chapatti with vegetable / Veg suji Chilla / Veg idli / Suji kheer / Veg Upma / Veg Sewian
Fruits (without skin) / Coconut water (fresh) / Pomegranate juice
Veg Khichri / wheat Chapati / 1 bowl of boiled rice + 1 bowl of vegetable + 1 cup of dal / curd
Fresh yogurt with mashed banana / Marigold juice / rose petal juice , wheatgrass juice.
Veg khichri / 2 wheat roti / 1 cup of boiled rice + 1 bowl of vegetable + 1 bowl of dal
Cereals to be consumed
Whole wheat, Semolina, Vermicelli, Rice.
Cereals to be avoided
Whole refined flour
Fruits to be consumed (Steamed or Boiled)
Banana, Pomegranate, Apple, Pear, Bael fruit, Muskmelon (very less quantity)
Fruits to be avoided
All citrus fruits like Oranges, Pineapple, Lemon and Watermelon.
Vegetables to be consumed
Pumpkin, Bottle gourd, Ridge gourd, Round gourd, Ash guard, Sponge gourd, Potato, Turnip , Carrot, Radish (if suits).
Vegetables to be avoided
Garlic, Ginger, Tomato, Brinjal, Spinach, Onion, Green leafy vegetable, Peas, Cucumber, Taro roots, Beans, Okra
Pulses to be consumed
Green gram (moong dal), and Red lentil (Masoor daal).
Pulses to be avoided
Chick peas (Kabuli chana), Kidney beans (Rajmah), and Black gram (Urad dal).
Dairy Products to be consumed
Curd (In limited quantity)
Dairy Products to be avoided
Milk, Full-fat yogurt, Cream cheese, Sour curd, and Condensed milk
Spices to be consumed
Fennel, Cumin, Coriander, Mint, Thyme, Black pepper,Turmeric
Note: All in small quantity.
Spices to be avoided
Red chillies, Green chillies
Drinks to be consumed
Vegetable soup, Coconut water, Carrot juice, Herbal Tea, Pomegranate juice- 50 ml/ day.
Drinks to be avoided
Alcohol, Carbonated beverages, Canned and Packaged soup, and Canned fruit juices, Caffeinated drinks, Coffee, Tea, Smoothie, Milk, Lime water.
Flesh Foods to be consumed
Egg white, chicken soup, and roasted and grilled fish (Occasionally).
Flesh Foods to be avoided
Fried, Processed or frozen meats, Prawns, Lobster, Crab, Lean Beef, Pork, Lamb, Ham, Turkey, Egg yolk, Sausages, Mutton, Duck, Goose, Meat pies, Red meat, Organ parts like Liver, Kidney, and Chest.
SEEDS AND DRY FRUITS
Dry Fruits to be consumed
Soaked Almonds (5 pieces) and Walnuts (Soaked)
Dry Fruits to be avoided
Cashew nuts, Peanuts, Flax seed, Sesame seed, Pumpkin seed, Raisins, Walnut, Hazelnuts, Prunes, Figs.
Oils to be consumed
Cow ghee, Sesame oil, Rice bran oil
Oils to be avoided
Unsaturated fats, Cream, Palm oil, Coconut oil, Butter, hydrogenated oil, Soybean oil, Sunflower oil, Cod liver oil, Flaxseed oil.
Other Foods to be consumed
Homemade only, Tragacanth gums, Jaggery, Almond milk and Soya milk
Other Foods to be avoided
All bakery products or processed, Sauces, Jams, Mayonnaise, Ice-cream, Cream soups, Butterscotch, Coconut bar, Chutneys, Pickles,Honey, Junk and deep-fried foods, Spicy foods. Triphala, Aloe Vera juice, Tamarind and Psyllium husk.
LIFESTYLE AND DIETARY TIPS
- Walk for at least 30 min is recommended
- Whole fruits should be preferred to fruit juices
- Skipping meals should be avoided, especially the breakfast.
- Water intake should be limited 8-10 glasses per day
- Decoction of Pomegranate peel
- Juice of marigold leaves
- Coriander & Mint – Fresh leaves properly cleaned and washed - 5 to 8 leaves per day or 10 ml juice
- Herbal Tea - Boil ½ tsp each of fennel, cumin and coriander in 3 cups of water until it's reduced to 1 cup. Let it cool down, strain and then drink. Make fresh everytime.