Medicinal Properties and Health Benefits of Hadjod (Cissus Quadrangularis)
Cissus quadrangularis is commonly known as Hadjod is a perennial plant of the family Vitaceae. It is called as Adamant creeper, Square stalked vine, veldt grape, devil's backbone, adamant creeper, asthisamharaka, hadjod and pirandai, Sannalam, Nalleru,Vajravelli, Mangara valli.This plant is native to India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. It is also found in Africa and Southeast Asia. It is being imported to Brazil and the southern United States for its uses.
Cissus quadrangularis reaches a height of 1.5 m and has quadrangular-sectioned branches with internodes of about 8 to 10 cm long and 1.2 to 1.5 cm wide. Along each angle is a Leathery edge. The Toothed trilobe leaves 2 to 5 cm wide appear at the nodes. Every leaf has a tendril emerging from the opposite side of the node. Racemes of small white, or greenish flowers, globular berries that this plant bear is red when ripe.
Cissus quadrangularis is a succulent herb which belongs to a family, Vitaceae. It is fleshy, cactus in nature. It is also called as Vitis quadrangularis, Lycopodium imbricatum or Heliotropium indicum. Commonly also called as a HADJOD. In Ayurveda, it is used as Pachan dravya (digestive aid), Sara (relieves constipation), Athiyuk (strengthening bones), Vrushya (Aphrodisiac), etc. In Unani medicines, it is used to treat gastritis. The whole plant is used in the treatment of asthma, powdered root is specifically used in the treatment of bone fractures and bone -related ailments. The dose of the powder is 30-40 Leaves and young shoots are frequently taken with curry in Southern India and give a nice flavor.
In Chennai, its young shoots of the plant are dried, powdered, burnt to ashes in a closed vessel. These ashes of this plant are administered in dyspepsia, indigestion and certain bowel complaints. Leaves and young shoots of this plants are also considered as powerful alternatives in the gastrointestinal treatments. Juice of stems of it is dropped into the ear in otorrhoea and into the nose in epistaxis. The plant has many therapeutic uses.
Vitis quadrangularis, Hadjod, Hadsankal, Harjora, Nalleru, Vajravalli, Kandvel, Hadavhanga, Piranti, Vedhari, Horjora, Harbhanga Vernacular names
- English : Edible stemmed vine, Adamant creeper, Bone setter
- Hindi : Hadjod, Hadjora, Hadsarihari, Harsankari, Kandvel
- Bengali : Har, Harbhanga, Hasjora, Horjora
- Gujarati : Chodhari, Hadsand, Hadsankal, Vedhari
- Kanada : Mangarahalli
- Malyalam : Cannalamparanta, Peranta
- Marathi : Horjora, Harsankar, Kandavel, Nalllar
- Tamil : Piranti, Vajjravalli
- Telugu : Nalleru, Nelleratiga, Vajravalli
- Oriya : Hadavhanga
- Urdu : Harjora, Hadsankal
Taxonomy of Cissus Quadrangularis
- Kingdom: Plantae
- Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
- Super division: spermatophyta
- Division: Magnoliophyta
- Class: Magnoliopsida
- Subclass: Rosidae
- Order: Vitales
- Family: Vitaceae
- Genus: Cissus
- Species: Quadrangularis
Cissus Quadrangularis or Bone Setter is called as Asthisamharaka (saves the bones from their destruction) in Sanskrit. It is have sweet and pungent in taste (Rasa), pungent after digestion (Vipaka), and is hot in effect (Virya).
- Rasa (taste): Katu (Pungent), Madhura (Sweet)
- Guna (Action): Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry), Sara (Unstable)
- Virya(potency): Ushna (Heating)
- Vipaka (end taste): Katu (Pungent)
- Dosha Effect: Vatahara, Kaphahara
It gives strength to bones and joints and supports healing fractures.
Important Medicinal Properties / Biomedical Action
Cissus Quadrangularis is rich in medicinal properties. Understanding of its properties will help us to better utilize this herb for medicinal purpose.
Below is given medicinal properties along with the meaning of this herb.
- Analgesic: Acting to relieve pain and act as a pain killer.
- Anti-Inflammatory: Controls inflammation by acting on body mechanisms.
- Anti-Osteoporotic: Counters osteoporosis, the whole plant possesses ant osteoporotic activity and shows effective effects
- Antioxidant: It exhibits strong antioxidant and free radical scavenging activity.
- Anti-Ulcer: It has significant antiulcer activity by decreasing gastric secretions and by enhancing glycoprotein levels.
- Bone Healing: Due to its rich content of calcium, phosphorous and phytoestrogen steroids it is shown to influence early regeneration and quick mineralization of bone fracture healing process.
- Central Nervous System Activity: its root extract possesses central nervous system depressant activity.
- Central Nervous System Activity: The root extract possesses central nervous system depressant activity and helps in curing depression
Hadjod Health Benefits
- Strengthens the bones.
- Hastens the fracture healing.
- Reduces swelling.
- Reduces fracture pain.
- Used both internally and externally.
- Its paste is applied topically on fracture for better healing. The paste of herb on local
- Where it is applied to the fractured area, it shows a reduction in total healing time of fracture.
- It also helps in reducing pain, swelling, and fracture mobility and accelerate the healing of fracture jaw bones and shows very good results.
- Its stem is useful in the treatment of piles and its juice is used to treat bleeding of the nose.
- It helps in accumulation and precipitation of calcium from blood for bone recovery.
The other beneficial medicinal uses of Hadjod include treating asthma, digestive disorders, indigestion, skin diseases and irregular menstruation. It is also very useful in obesity management and complications of metabolic disorders. Hadjod or Cissus quadrangular has very potent fracture healing property. It has very good antimicrobial, antiulcer, antioxidant, anti-osteoporotic, gastro-protective, cholinergic activity.
At planet Ayurveda we have bone support capsules which contain Hadjod extract. These capsules show very good role in bone health.