Haritaki, Harad (Terminalia chebula)
Description of Haritaki Plant
Haritaki also know as Harad and its Botanical name is Terminalia chebula. Terminalia chebula is medium to large sized deciduous tree growing up to height of 25-30mt and diameter of trunk of this Haritaki tree is 1mt. Haritaki plant matures with numerous branches and rounded crown. Bark of this Haritaki plant is dark brown in color with longitudinal cracks. Haritaki Leaves are oval or elliptic, 7-8cm long, alternate or sub opposite in direction with a petiole of 1-3cm. These are oblique and unequal at the base and have 5-8 pairs of veins. Haritaki Fruit of this plant is ovoid drupe, broad, blackish and have five longitudinal ridges. Haritaki Flowers have dull white to yellow color with strong and unpleasant odor. Its flowers are hermaphrodite and fruits are yellow to orange-brown in color. Flowering of this Indian medicinal plant appears between April and August and plant bears fruits from November to January.
Haritaki is one main key ingredient in triphala and famous rejuvenating herb. Common names of Haritaki are Indian hog plum and Indian walnut. It is miraculous fruit with immense healing power. Most important point about Haritaki is that it increases longevity and it is good liver tonic. It is natural compound that is very essential for promoting overall body health and for the support of digestive system and functioning. According to Ayurvedic medicinal system powdered form of Harad is used in the treatment of intermittent and chronic fevers, polyuria and anemia.
It contains various chemical compounds like chebulagic, chebulin and corilagin. Various antioxidants of Harad plant are phloroglucinol, pyrogallol, ferullic, vanillic and caeffic acid.
Haritaki is gentle laxative, purgative, astringent, anti-bilious and anti-oxidant in nature. This herb is laxative, digestive, tonic, expectorant, anti-dysentery, and carminative and has good properties.
Special Note about Terminalia Chebula
Bhavprakash explained seven types of haritaki according to its medicinal properties and distribution in various places. Seven types explained are:-
- Vijaya haritaki - Vijaya haritaki is available in vindhya Mountains and used to cure all type of disorders.
- Rohini haritaki - Rohini haritaki is available in Sindh, fruit is circular in shape, very beneficial for consumption and wound healing.
- Putna haritaki - Putna haritaki grows in Himalayas having small fruit and big seed, this is very effective for using externally.
- Amrita haritaki - Amrita haritaki is easily available in Champa Bhagalpur area with thick fruit pulp, best used in panchakarma.
- Abhaya haritaki - Abhaya haritaki is also available in Champa area with five layers of fruit skin and used for treatment of eye related disorders.
- Jayanti haritaki - Jayanti haritaki is found in Saurashtra region of Gujarat with yellow color flowers and best used to cure all type of disorders.
- Chetaki haritaki - Chetaki haritaki is available in Himachal Pradesh with three layers of fruit skin and used for purgation therapy.
Haritaki is native to India and it is also distributed in China, Nepal and Sri Lanka. In India it is widely distributed in sub-Himalayan track from Ravi to West Bengal and Assam. It is also cultivated in Fiji, Pakistan, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia and Indonesia.
- Kingdom - Plantae
- Order - Myrtales
- Family - Combretaceae
- Haritaki Latin name - Terminalia chebula
- Haritaki English name - Indian walnut, Indian hog plum
- Haritaki Hindi name - Harad, Harad
- Haritaki Telugu name - Karakkaya
- Haritaki Tamil name - Kadukkai
- Haritaki Gujarati name - Harade, Hardi, Harara
- Haritaki Arabian name - Haleelaz
- Haritaki Farsi name - Hallel
- Haritaki Assam name - Shilikha
- Haritaki Kannada name - Arale, Alale
- Haritaki Konkani name - Ordo, Hardi
- Haritaki Malayalam name - Kadukka
- Haritaki Marathi name - Hirda
- Haritaki Persian name - Halela
Ayurvedic Properties of Harad
|Hindi / Sanskrit||English|
|Rasa||Katu, Tikta, Kashay, Madhur, Amal||Taste||Pungent, Bitter, Astringent, Sweet, Sour|
|Guna||Laghu, Ruksha||Physical Property||Light, Dry|
Haritaki Effects on Doshas
It balances all three doshas.
|Charak Samhita||Sushrut Samhita|
|Amalkyadi Parushkadi triphala|
Ancient Verse about Haritaki (Terminalia Chebula)
Abhaya, pathya, prapathya, putana, amrita, jaya, avyatha, hemvati, vaystha, chetaki, siva, pranda, nandini, rohini and vijya all are synonyms of haritaki. Haritaki is astringent, sour, pungent, bitter and sweet in taste. It pacifies all three dosha, it is laghu, beneficial for eyes and induce purgation. Harad is used to cure polyuria, leprosy, ulcers, emesis, edema, gout and dysuria. It acts as carminative, beneficial for heart and used to cure all diseases associated with obesity.
Harad is native of Himalaya, because of its green color.
Practical Uses of Harad (Terminalia Chebula)
- Harad is a miraculous herb with versatile effects and this single herb is used to cure various disorders associated with body.
- Unripe fruit of Harad plant is used to treat diarrhea and dysentery. The Harad fruit powder is used for purgation therapy.
- Harad Fruits are used for curative purposes and used to cure various disorders associated with obesity.
- Harad Ripe fruit is used for treating ophthalmic disorders, diseases of spleen and piles.
- Fruit pulp is also rich in medicinal properties and acts as astringent to cure bleeding gums, loose gums and ulceration of gums.
- Haritaki is very beneficial herb for gastro intestinal disorders and it gives wonderful results in splenic enlargement. It is also used to increase appetite.
- Fruit paste is used externally to reduce inflammation, cleansing and quick healing of wounds.
- Haritaki is very effective in gout, asthma and hiccups.
- It acts as tonic for nervous system as very effective in nervous weakness and promotes power of senses.
- The anti-inflammatory and astringent properties of haritaki are helpful in urinary tract infections.
- It is used to pacify all three dosha i.e vata, pitta and kapha.
Haritaki is contraindicated for the patients of thirst, stomatitis, diseases of throat, acute fever, malnutrition and pregnancy.
Planet Ayurveda's Products which Contain Harad as an Ingredient
This formulation contains a natural herb known as Haritaki or Harad (Terminalia chebula). Haritaki churna is effective in constipation and elimination of toxins from the intestines. It helps to maintain the healthy functioning of the digestive and immune system. It is also useful in the healing of wounds and scalds. Haritaki helps to balance the three doshas Vata, Pitta, and Kapha dosha in the body. It possesses various therapeutic properties like astringent, purgative, rejuvenative tonic, laxative, expectorant, anthelmintic properties.
Dosage: 1/2 to 1 teaspoonful two times a day with plain water after the meals.
2. Vara Churna
Vara Churna is prepared by the combination of most popular Ayurvedic herbs Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), Bibhitaki (Terminalia bellerica) and Amalaki (Emblica officinalis). It is the best herbal remedy for constipation and cleansing of the colon. These herbs in combination are very useful in eliminating toxins from the body. Vara Churna is effective in the treatment of vision problems, migraine, acidity, high cholesterol, general weakness, and obesity.
Dosage: 2-3 grams of this powder should be mixed with warm water and consumed in the evening time.
Triphala capsule is a unique natural formulation by Planet Ayurveda which contains standardized extract of herbs Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), Bibhitaki (Terminalia bellerica) and Amalaki (Emblica officinalis). Triphala is the best remedy for constipation and natural colon cleansing as it alleviates both Vata and Pitta dosha in the body. It is also very effective in visual problems, digestive disorders, skin disorders, and acts as a cardiac tonic, pain reliever, decongestant, and blood purifier.
Dosage: 1-2 capsules twice daily with plain water after meals.