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Diving Deep into Sialadenitis and Sialadenosis: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Therapeutic Approaches

Abstract

Sialadentitis and Sialadenosis are among the commonest reasons for swelling of the submandibular gland. There are mild differences between both the conditions. Sialadentitis is an inflammatory condition of the salivary gland, usually due to viral or bacterial infections, whereas Sialadenosis is a non-inflammatory condition that affects the parotid or the submandibular gland. Sialadentitis of the parotid gland is commoner than that of submandibular gland. To know the disease better we need to know the anatomy and physiology of the salivary gland. Salivary gland consists of - sublingual, submandibular and parotid gland. Among these three parotid glands is the largest one due to which it is more prone to diseases. Commonly disorders of salivary glands are due to pathology of any of these glands.

Sialadentitis and Sialadenosis, Glandular Diseases, Salivary Gland Disorders

Introduction

Both the two diseases Sialadentitis and Sialadenosis are the disorders of the salivary gland. Major functions of salivary glands are that it maintains our oral health and also the overall health. It also helps keep cavities away and lubrication to the food we chew hence helps in better digestion too. Hence pathologies in this part can cause a lot of disorders in the overall functioning of the body.

Sialadentitis - Sialadentitis is the commonest cause of acute salivary gland infection that may be caused due to various types of infection like bacterial, fungal or viral. Sialadentitis is the inflammation of the submandibular gland that can result from dryness of the mouth due to salivary stone, inadequate consumption of fluid and many others.

Sialadenosis - Sialadenosis on the other hand is a non inflammatory condition mainly of the parotid gland and very rarely the submandibular gland due to any other systemic disease. It is a chronic condition, and can be painless.

Causes

Causes Of Sialadentitis

  • Infections (Viral, bacterial of Fungal)
  • Dehydration due to less intake of fluid or intake of diuretics
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Malnutrition
  • Medications (antihistamines or diuretics)

Causes Of Sialadenosis

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Vitamin deficiency
  • Malabsorption
  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Liver cirrhosis

Sign And Symptoms

Sign And Symptoms Of Sialadentitis include

  • Enlargement and tenderness of salivary gland
  • Difficulty in swallowing and eating
  • Pain and swelling in mouth
  • Fever with chills
  • Dryness of mouth
  • Lower secretion of saliva than usual
  • Foul taste in mouth
  • Swelling seen in nearby regions like neck and cheeks

Signs and symptoms of Sialadenosis includes

  • Painless
  • Lower secretion of saliva than usual
  • Tenderness
  • Bilateral Enlargement parotid gland

Diagnosis Of Sialadenitis And Sialadenosis

  • Physical examinations - History taking of patient
  • X-Ray to check for inflammation
  • CT scan (Computerised Tomography) - to rule out sialolith
  • MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging) - to check for nay malignancies
  • CBC (Complete Blood Count)
  • Salivary gland scan

Treatment Of Sialadenitis And Sialadenosis

  • Reestablishment of hydration of the patient
  • Administration of antibiotics may be required
  • Massage of salivary gland or heat compressions may be effective
  • Surgical removal can be done

Complications

Complications Of Sialadentitis And Sialadenosis Includes The Following

  • Recurrence of the disease
  • Formation of abscess (most serious of all)
  • Tooth decay

Ayurvedic Aspect Of Sialadenitis And Sialadenosis

In Ayurveda these diseases are considered among mukha rogas that are 65 in numbers. that are diseases of the mouth or the buccal cavity. Achrya Sushruta says that these mukha rogas are due to alteration of the three doshas Vata, Pitta and Kapha as just like the functioning of entire body these three doshas also plays an important role in the functioning of mukha i.e the mouth. Vitiation of vata and kapha dosha causes pain and inflammation of the salivary gland. These vitiation of doshas are due to poor lifestyle and other ill dietary choices. Not maintaining required dental hygiene also plays an important role.

Lakshanas

  • Dryness, hardness and roughness in the glands
  • Blackish discoloration
  • Pain and swelling

Herbal Remedies For Sialadenitis And Sialadenosis By Planet Ayurveda

Planet Ayurveda is an established and GMP certified brand that manufactures herbal supplements. This company exports their products worldwide like to the USA, Europe, Africa and many other countries. Planet Ayurveda is dedicated to bring the benefits of natural herbs to mankind that cures diseases without causing any ill effect to the patient. Planet Ayurveda had a vision of reaching all over the globe and has achieved that. The products manufactured by Planet Ayurveda are completely herbal with no added preservatives or any adulterants. All the products by Planet Ayurveda are manufactured following the ancient Ayurvedic texts under the guidance and supervision of experts of Ayurveda. They have plenty of medicines for various diseases. Listed are few medicines that improve conditions caused by Sialadentitis and Sialadenosis.

  1. Curcumin Capsules
  2. Septrin Tablets
  3. Kaishore Guggul
  4. Digestion Support
  5. Gum Care Powder

Herbal Remedies For Sialadenitis And Sialadenosis By Planet Ayurveda

Sialadentitis and Sialadenosis

Product Description

1. Curcumin Capsules

Curcumin capsules by Planet Ayurveda are prepared by using standardised extraction from a single herb Curcumin better known as haridra or haldi (Curcma longa) has been known to have antiseptic, antibacterial, antifungal and a lot other properties. It also pacifies all the three doshas. Due to its listed properties it shows effective results in both the diseases Sialadentitis and Sialadenosis.

Dosage - 1-2 capsules twice a day with plain water after meals.

2. Septrin Tablets

Septrin tablets being a blend of herbs like tulsi, haldi, guggul and many more balances all the three doshas. Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum) has properties that strengthens the gums and helps in healing of the mouth ulcers and the inflamed salivary glands. It also has sonth (Zingiber officinale) that strengthens the teeth and the gums. Ginger reduces oral bacterias that can cause cavities later. It also stimulates the flow of saliva.

Dosage - 2 tablets twice a day.

3. Kaishore Guggul

Kaishore Guggul by Planet Ayurveda is made up of goodness of several medicinal herbs some are Red physic nut (Baliospermum montanum), Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Bibhitaki (Terminalia bellirica), Haritaki (Terminalia chebula) and a lot of other herbal drugs. As it consists of triphala (Amla, bibhitak and haritaki) it doesn't allow the formation of plaque that ultimately prevents inflammation of the gums.

Dosage - 2 tablets twice a day with lukewarm water.

4. Digestion Support

Digestion Support by Planet Ayurveda helps maintain a healthy digestion. As due to Sialadentitis and Sialadenosis the salivary gland couldn't function properly and the very first step of digestion remains undone so these capsules which has the goodness of Jeerak (Cymunum cuminum), Dhaniya (Coriander sativum) and a lot more herbs that removes toxins from the body by improving the digestive fire that ultimately leads to good digestion. It also contains jeera and amla that helps in improving the overall hygiene and health of the oral cavity.

Dosage - 1 capsule twice a day, after meals with plain water.

5. Gum Care Powder

Gum care powder by Planet Ayurveda helps to maintain infection free gums and teeth. It helps to maintain the required hygiene of the oral cavity. Lavanga being a key ingredient in this formulation it helps in dilation of the blood vessels present that helps in proper circulation. As one among these two diseases are caused due to bacterial, viral or fungal attack in the oral cavity so the maintenance of proper hygiene is a must. Massaging this Gum Care Powder helps attain that.

Dosage - Massage gums and teeth using 3-6 gms of the powder, rinse it with lukewarm water after 2-3 mins.

Conclusion

Hence we can conclude that these two diseases are the diseases of buccal cavity or the salivary glands and this part of the body plays the very initial role in digestion and overall health therefore needs to be cured as soon as possible Sialadentitis and Sialadenosis are among the commonest reasons for swelling of the submandibular gland. There are mild differences between both the conditions. Planet Ayurveda by following all the Ayurvedic texts and scriptures has formulated some herbal medication and powder for local application as mentioned above. These herbal medications help in betterment of the pathological conditions caused as a result of these diseases.

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Author Bio:

Best Ayurvedic Doctor - Dr. Meenakshi Chauhan

Dr. Meenakshi Chauhan

MD (ALT. MEDICINE)

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Reviewed By:

Best Ayurvedic Doctor in Mohali - Dr. Vikram Chauhan

Dr. Vikram Chauhan

MD (AYURVEDA)

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