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Diet Plan for Diabetes

Diabetes, a metabolic disorder which is characterized by raised sugar level in the bloodstream which is either occurred due to less production of Insulin or either due to unhealthy food habits and a sedentary lifestyle. When blood sugar raises it can damage kidneys, liver, eyes, heart, etc. Consistency in the diet on daily basis is one of the important factors to control diabetes. In diabetes particularly carbohydrate metabolism is abnormal that will lead to nutritional deficiency and results in weakness and fatigue. So, a balanced and proper diet is the first line of treatment itself to tackle diabetes.

Diabetic Mellitus diet charts



One glass of water + 1 tsp Fenugreek seeds / Amla powder


Broken wheat porridge / Veg Semolina (veg upma) / Veg Vermicelli / Veg poha (Rice flakes) / Veg Idli / Veg Oats / Besan pancake (gram flour) / Missi Roti / Chapatti with Veg or Dal + egg white


Fruit / Salad / Coconut water / Sprouts


Missi chapatti / Plain chapatti / Vegetable + Dal + Salad / Fish / Chicken (any one)


Herbal Tea / Roasted Chana / Soup (Home-made)


Missi chapatti / Plain chapatti / Vegetable+ Dal / Nutri-nuggets / Salad


Sugar - nil



Cereals to be consumed

Whole wheat, Oatmeal, Whole grains cereals, Oats

Flour Ratio - Chana Flour - 250 gm + Wheat flour- 1 kg.

Cereals to be avoided

Whole refined flour and its products, Refined sugar, Rice


Fruits to be consumed

Apple, Guava, Papaya, Melon, Blackberry (Jamun), Plum, Pear, Loquat, Peach, Apricot (khurmani), Amla, Orange, Pomegranate,

Fruits to be avoided

Mango, Litchi, Grapes, Dates, Sapodilla and Dry fruits like Peanuts, Cashew nuts, Pistachio, Raisins


Vegetables to be consumed

Okra (Bhindi), Cauliflower, Cabbage, Beans, Spinach, Mushroom, Eggplant, Capsicum, Bottle gourd, Ridge gourd, Round gourd, Radish, Pumpkin, Peas, Green beans, Fenugreek leaves, Broccoli, Cucumber, Beetroot, Ginger, Green chili, Green pepper, Coriander, Turnip, Mint, Curry leaf

Vegetables to be avoided

Jackfruit, Yam, Sweet potato, Taro root, Potato and Frozen or Canned vegetables


Pulses to be consumed

All split lentils and Legumes

Pulses to be avoided

Frozen Pulses


Dairy Products to be consumed


Dairy Products to be avoided

Whole milk and cream, Butter, Full fat Yogurt, Cheese, Cream cheese, Condensed milk


Spices to be consumed

Cumin, Coriander, Turmeric, Ginger, Pepper, Fennel, Cinnamon

Spices to be avoided

Red chilies


Drinks to be consumed

Coconut water, Bitter gourd juice, Bottle gourd juice, Herbal tea

Drinks to be avoided

Whole milk drinks, Alcohol, Cream based liqueurs, carbonated beverages, canned and Packaged soup and Fruit juices, Sugarcane juice.


Flesh Foods to be consumed

Egg white, Roasted or Grilled Fish, Chicken soup.

Flesh Foods to be avoided

Red meat, Prawns, Lobster, Crab, Lean beef, Pork, Lamb, Ham, Turkey, Rabbit, Egg yolk, Mutton, Duck, Goose, Organ parts like Liver, Kidney and Chest.


Dry Fruits to be consumed

Almond, Walnuts, Pumpkin Seeds, Chia Seeds, Flax Seeds, and Sesame Seeds.

Dry Fruits to be avoided

Pistachio, Cashew and Raisins


Oils to be consumed

Small amount only-Cow ghee, Soybean oil, Canola oil, Olive oil, Sesame oil 500 ml cooking oil used in per person in per month

Oils to be avoided

Trans-fat, Butter, Cream, Hydrogenated oil


Other Foods to be consumed

Homemade products only

Other Foods to be avoided

All bakery products, Sauces, Fruit jellies, Jams, Sweets, Sugar-free artificial sweetener, Packed soups, High fat dressing or mayonnaise, Ice-cream, Cream soups, Chocolate, Coconut bar, Chutneys, Pickles and Fried foods


  • Walk for at least 30-45 min is recommended.
  • Whole fruit should be preferred to fruit juices.
  • Skipping of meals should be avoided especially breakfast.
  • Seasonal fruits and vegetables should be consumed.
  • Water intake should be increased at least 8-10 glass regularly
  • Herbal Tea - Boil ½ tsp each of fennel, coriander, cumin in 3 cups of water till it’s reduced to 1 cups.
  • Leaves and Grass - Radish leaves, Mint leaves, Coriander leaves, Spinach leaves, Rocket leaves, Lettuce, Kale, Lemongrass, wheatgrass and Spirulina
  • 5 almonds and 1 walnut (soak in water overnight)
  • Eating too much carbohydrates food can lead to a high blood sugar level.
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