Diet Plan for Sarcoidosis
Sarcoidosis is a disease in which a person’s body produces clusters of cells, called granulomas. Sarcoidosis leads to inflammation, which can affect any organ especially lungs, heart, skin, etc. A healthy diet can help in sarcoidosis. A healthier lifestyle by preparing healthy meals and snacks as part of a balanced diet. It is advised to avoid foods rich in calcium, as well as excessive sun exposure, as activities like sunbathing promote vitamin D production, which increases calcium levels in the blood.
DIET CHART FOR SARCOIDOSIS
Herbal tea / Barley water / Wheatgrass Juice
Broken wheat porridge (Veg / Sweet Dalia) / Veg Oats / Veg Semolina (veg upma) / Veg poha (Rice flakes) / Veg Idli / Vermicelli (veg / sweet Sewian) / Besan pancake (gram flour) / Chapatti with veg or Dal / 2- Egg white portion only
Fruit / Coconut water / Herbal tea / Green tea / Steamed Salad
Boiled Rice / Wheat flour Chapatti / Vegetable + Dal + Steamed Salad
Sprouts / Green tea / Soup (Home-made) / Herbal tea / Roasted chickpea / Rice flakes snack / Tea / Ginger tea
Chapatti / Boiled Rice / Vegetable + Dal + Steamed salad
Cereals to be consumed
Whole grains cereals, Whole wheat, Oatmeal, Porridge, Quinoa, Millet, Rice flakes, Puffed rice, Brown rice.
Cereals to be avoided
White refined flour, White rice
Fruits to be consumed
Avocado, Melon, Date (Soaked), Rhubarb, Apple, Papaya, Fig, Watermelon, Pear, Banana
Fruits to be avoided
Prunes, Sour plums, All kind of Cherries, Peaches, Pine-apple and all citrus fruits, All canned and packaged fruits
Vegetables to be consumed
All vegetables like Bottle gourd, Bitter gourd, Ridge gourd, Pumpkin, Carrot, Coriander leaves, Spinach, Fenugreek leaves, Turnip, Potatoes, Beetroot, Mustard greens, Chicory, Cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, Garlic, Artichokes, Kale, Peas, Parsley, Cabbage, Sweet potatoes, Winter squash, Broccoli, Mushroom.
Vegetables to be avoided
Canned and frozen vegetables, Overcooked, Fried, Baked vegetables, Fried foods
Pulses to be consumed
All whole pulses, Lentils and Legumes
Pulses to be avoided
Dried and frozen pulses
Dairy Products to be consumed
Low-fat yogurt, Buttermilk, Tofu.
Dairy Products to be avoided
High-fat milk and cream, Full-fat yogurt, Cream cheese, Condensed milk, Milk, Ice-cream, Butter, Cheese, Custard
Spices to be consumed
Cumin, Fennel, Coriander, Salt, Thyme, Turmeric, Ginger, Black Pepper, Fenugreek seeds
Spices to be avoided
Red chilies and Green chilies
Drinks to be consumed
Coconut water, Fat-free homemade soups, Herbal tea, Barley water, Wheat grass juice, Gooseberry juice, Pumpkin juice, Pomegranate juice, Ginger tea
Drinks to be avoided
Whole milk drinks, Cream based liqueurs, canned soup and packaged soup, Alcohol, Sweetened drinks, Squashes, Hot chocolate drinks, Coffee, Cold water, Cold Beverages, All kind of Packed and processed juices
Flesh Foods to be consumed
Egg white only, Lean meat, Skinless chicken, Fish (Grilled / Roasted /Boiled)
Flesh Foods to be avoided
Fish fried in a suitable oil, Prawns, Lobster, Crab, Pork, Ham, Very lean minced meat, Rabbit, Egg yolk, Beef, Fish roe, Mutton, Duck, Goose, Hot dogs, Organ meat like Liver, Kidney and Chest, Red meat, Smoked and Canned fish, Marbled and Fatty meats.
SEEDS AND DRY FRUITS
Dry Fruits to be consumed
Almond, Walnuts, Flax seeds, Hemp seeds, Pumpkin seeds, Sunflower seeds
Dry Fruits to be avoided
Peanuts, Raisins, Pistachio, Cashew nuts, Pecans
Oils to be consumed
Cow ghee, Olive oil, Canola oil, Mustard oil, Sesame oil, Sunflower oil, Flaxseed oil, Hemo oil
Oils to be avoided
Hydrogenated oil, Butter, Palm oil
Other Foods to be consumed
Other Foods to be avoided
All bakery products or processed, Sauces, Fruit jellies, Jams, Mayonnaise, White sugar, Ice-cream, Butter scotch, Coconut bar, Chutneys, Pickles, Junk food, Deep fried foods, All Spicy foods, Too much salty food, Frozen food.
LIFESTYLE AND DIETARY TIPS
- Walk for at least 30-45 min is recommended.
- Whole fruit should be preferred to fruit juices.
- Skipping of meals should be avoided especially breakfast.
- Water intake should be increased at least 8-10 glass regularly
- Herbal Tea- Boil ½ tsp each of fennel, coriander, cumin in 3 cups of water till it’s reduced to 1 cups.
- Flax seed/ Hemp seed / Pumpkin seed- 1 tsp/ day
- Soaked Almond- 5 pieces