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Charak Samhita - Sutrasthana - Chapter 4 (Shadvirechan Shatashrityam)

Abstract

Charaka Samhita is written by Acharya Charaka, who is an ancient ayurvedic scholar. Charaka samhita consists of eight sthanas: Sutra sthana, Nidana sthana, Indriya sthana, Chikitsa sthana, Vimana sthana, Sharira sthana, kalp sthana and siddhi sthana. Charaka samhita explains about the diseases, their pathology, their causes, Management and complications. In this article we will discuss the fourth chapter of the charaka samhita sutra sthana named Shadvirechan shatashrityam adhyaye.

Chapter 4, Charaka Samhita, Shadvirechan Shatashrityam, Sutrasthana, Charak Samhita - Sutrasthana, Sutrasthana - Chapter 4, Chapter 4 - Shadvirechan Shatashrityam

Introduction

This chapter deals with the Five basic Dosage forms which are panchvidha kasaya kalpana (Swaras, kalka, Kwatha, hima, phanta). In these five of these, the hot infusion has the least strength and is light to digest. Swarasa is the strongest and is hard to digest. Different parts of the planet which are to be used, 50 Different groups which consist of 10 herbs with common action which creates five hundred decoctions has been mentioned in this chapter and also that a wise physician should know the application of these drugs externally and internally.

Six Hundred Evacuatives

There are total six hundred purgatives, 345 formulations for vamana and 245 for virechana, 133 formulations of the madanaphala (Randia dumetorum), 39 formulations of devadali (Luffa echinata), 45 formulations of Ikshvaku (Lagenaria siceraria), 60 of dhamargava (Luffa acutangula), 18 of kutaja (Holarrhena antidysenterica), 60 formulation of kosataki (Luffa acutangula), 110 of Syama and Trivrit (Operculina turprthum), 12 of Aragvadha (Cassia fistula), 16 of lodhra (Symplocos racemosa), 20 of Snuhi (Euphorbia neriifolia), 39 of saptala (Acacia concinna) and sankhini (Canscora decussata) and 40 of danti (Baliospermum montanum) and dravanti (Jatropha Glandulifera).

Parts Used For Pugation

  1. Latex
  2. Bark
  3. Root
  4. Fruits
  5. Leaf
  6. Flowers

Varieties Of Decoction

There are five types of decoction

  1. Sweet
  2. Pungent
  3. Dour
  4. Astringent
  5. Bitter

Panchvidha Kashaya Kalpana

  1. Swaras - the juice extracted from a herb by a mechanical process is known as Swaras.
  2. Kalka - It is the Bolus prepared with herbs with juice intact and is in spherical shape.
  3. Kwatha - It is an herbal decoction of an herb which is prepared by boiling a drug and reducing it to half.
  4. Sheeta - It is a cold Infusion, which is prepared by keeping the coarsely powdered herb in boiled water and kept overnight. 
  5. Phata - It is a Hot Infusion, in which the herb is kept in Hot water for sometime and then squeezed and filtered out.

Potency

In these five of these, the hot infusion has the least strength and is light to digest. Swarasa is the strongest and is hard to digest. All these preparations are advised in reference to the Strength of the patient and condition of the disease.

Fifty Great Extractives (50 Main Decoctions)

There are mentioned as

Group 1

This consists of Six extractives which are

  1. Jeevaniya (Vitalizing)
  2. Bruhmaneeya (Bulk promoting)
  3. Bheedaniye (Mass breaking)
  4. Lekhaniye (Emaciating)
  5. Deepaniye (Appetiser)
  6. Sandhaniye (Bone healing and wound Healing)

Group 2

It consists of 4 which are

  1. Balya (Strengthening)
  2. Kantya (Beneficial for throat)
  3. Varnya (Provides Complexion)
  4. Hrudya (Increases heart Strength)

Group 3

It consists of six extractives

  1. Truptighna (Anti saturative)
  2. Arshogna (Anti haemorrhoidal)
  3. Kandhughna (Relieves Itching Sensation)
  4. Kushtaghna (Anti dermatosis)
  5. Vishaghna (Relieves toxicity)
  6. Krimighna (Relieves Worm infestation)

Group 4

It consists of 4 Extractives

  1. Stanyajanana (Galactogoue)
  2. Stanya Shodhana (Cleansing and detoxifying)
  3. Shukrajanana (Semen promoting)
  4. Shukra Shodhana (Cleansing and Detoxifying)

Group 5

It consists of 7 extractives

  1. Snehopaga (Oleating)
  2. Svedoupaga (Sweating inducing)
  3. Vamanoupaga (Vomiting therapy)
  4. Virechanaopaga (Purgation Therapy)
  5. Anuvasanaopaga (Oil enema)
  6. Asthapanoupaga (Decoction enema)
  7. Shirovirechanopaga (useful in nasya therapy)

Group 6

It consists of three extractives

  1. Chardi Nigrahana (Relieves Vomiting)
  2. Trushna Nigrahana (Relieves Thirst)
  3. Hikka Nigrahana (Relieves Hiccups)

Group 7

It consists of five Extractives

  1. Purisha Sangrahaneeya (Bowel binders)
  2. Purisha virajaneeya (Faecal depigmentation)
  3. Mutra sangrahaneeya (Antidiuretic)
  4. Mutra virajneeya (Urinary Depigmentation)
  5. Mutra Virechaneeya (Diuretic)

Group 8

It is having five Extractives

  1. Kasahara (Relieves cough and cold)
  2. Shothahara (anti inflammatory)
  3. Shwasahara (anti dyspnic)
  4. Sharamahara (Relieves Tiredness)
  5. Jwarahara (Antipyretic)

Group 9

It consists of Five Extractives

  1. Daha prashsamana (Relieves Burning Sensation)
  2. Sheeta prashamana (manages cold sensation)
  3. Udarda prashamana (Anti allergic)
  4. Shula prashamana (Antispasmodic)
  5. Angamarda prashamana (Relives Bodyache)

Group 10

  1. Shonitasthapana (Haemostatic)
  2. Vedana sthapana (Pain relieving)
  3. Sanjana Sthapana (Restores Conciousness)
  4. Prajasthapana (Foetus promoting)
  5. Vayaha sthapana (Age sustaining)

500 Mahakashayas

1. Jeevaniya gana (Vitalizing Herbs)

  1. Jeevaka (Malaxis acuminata)
  2. Rishabhaka (Manilkara hexandra)
  3. Mahameda (Polygonatum verticillatum)
  4. Meda (Polygonatum cirrhifolium)
  5. Kshir Kakoli (Roscoea purpurea)
  6. Kakoli (Fritillaria roylei
  7. Mashaparni (Teramnus labialis)
  8. Mudgaparni (Phaseolus trilobus)
  9. Madhuka (Glycyrrhiza glabra)
  10. Jivanti (Leptadenia reticulata)

2. Bruhmaneeya Gana (Bulk promoting, Nourishing)

  1. Kaheerini (Mimusops hexandra)
  2. Rajakshavaka (Euphorbia microphylla)
  3. Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera)
  4. Kshir Kakoli (Roscoea purpurea)
  5. Kakoli (Fritillaria roylei)
  6. Vatyayani (Sida cordifolia)
  7. Bharadvaji (Thespesia lampas)
  8. Payasa (Ipomoea paniculata)
  9. Bhadraudani (Sida cordifolia)
  10. Rushyafgandha

3. Lekhaniya gana (Scraping, Decreasing)

  1. Musta (Cyperus rotundus)
  2. Haridra (Curcuma longa)
  3. Kushta (Saussurea lappa)
  4. Daruharidra (Berberis aristata)
  5. Vacha (Acorus calamus)
  6. Ativisha (Aconitum heterophyllum)
  7. Katurohini (Picrorhiza kurroea)
  8. Chitraka (Plumbago zeylanica)
  9. Chirabilva (Holoptelea integrifolia)
  10. Haimavati (Iris versicolor)

4. Bhedaneeya Gana

These are the 10 mass breaking:

  1. Suvaha (Operculina turpethum)
  2. Arka (Calotropis gigantea)
  3. Eranda (Ricinus communis)
  4. Agnimukha (Gloriosa superba)
  5. Chitra (Baliospermum montanum)
  6. Chitraka (Plumbago zeylanica)
  7. Chirabilva (Holoptelea integrifolia)
  8. Shankhini (Canscora decussata)
  9. Shakuladani (Picrorhiza kurroa)
  10. Svarnaksheerini (Argemone mexicana)

5. Sandhaneeya gana (Wound and Bone healing)

  1. Madhuka (Glycyrrhiza glabra)
  2. Madhuparni (Tinospora cordifolia)
  3. Mocharasa (Salmania malabarica)
  4. Dhataki (Woodfordia fruticosa)
  5. Lodhra (Symplocos racemosa)
  6. Prishnaparni (Uraria picta)
  7. Ambasthaki (Cissampelos pareira)
  8. Samaga (Rubia cordifolia)
  9. Priyangu (Callicarpa macrophylla)
  10. Katphala (Myrica nagi)

6. Deepaneeya Gana (Improves the Digestive Fire)

  1. Pippali (Piper longum)
  2. Pippalimoola (Piper longum)
  3. Chavya (Piper chaba)
  4. Chitraka (Plumbago zeylanica)
  5. Shunti (Zingiber officinale)
  6. Maricha (Piper nigrum)
  7. Amalavstasa (Garcinia pedunculata)
  8. Ajamoda (Trachyspermum roxburghianum)
  9. Bhallatakasthi (Semecarpua anacardium)
  10. Hinguniryasa (Asafoetida)

7. Balaya Gana (Provides Strength)

  1. Aindri (Citrullus colocynthis)
  2. Rishabhi (Manilkara hexandra)
  3. Atirasa (Asparagus racemosus)
  4. Rishyaprokta (Teramnus labialis)
  5. Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera)
  6. Sthira (Desmodium gangeticum)
  7. Katurohini (picrorhiza kurroa)
  8. Bala (Sida cordifolia)
  9. Atibala (Abutilon indicum)
  10. Payasa (Ipomoea paniculata)

8. Varnya gana (Enhances complexion)

  1. Chandana (Santalum album)
  2. Padmaka (Prunus cerasoides)
  3. Tunga (Calophyllum inophyllum)
  4. Ushira (Vetiveria zizaniodes)
  5. Madhuka (Glycyrrhza glabra)
  6. Manjishtha (Rubia cordifolia)
  7. Payasa (Ipomoea paniculata)
  8. Sariva (Hemidesmus indicus)
  9. Lata (Cynodon dactylon)
  10. Sita (Cynodon dactylon)

9. Kanthya gana (Improves Quality of Voice)

  1. Sariva (Hemidesmus indicus)
  2. Ikshumula (Saccharum officinarum)
  3. Madhuka (Glycyrrhza glabra)
  4. Pippali (Piper longum)
  5. Vidari (Pueraria tuberosa)
  6. Draksha (Vitis venifera)
  7. Kaitarya (Myrica nagi)
  8. Hamsapadi (Adiantum lunulatum)
  9. Kantakarika (Solanum xanthocarpum)
  10. Brihati (Solanum indicum)

10. Hrudaya Gana (Improves heart health)

  1. Amra (Mangifera indica)
  2. Amrataka (Spondias pinnata)
  3. Lakucha (Artocarpus lakoocha)
  4. Karamarda (Carissa carandes)
  5. vrksamla (Tamarindus indica)
  6. Amlavetasa (garcinia pedunculata)
  7. Kuvala (Zizyphus sativa)
  8. Badara (Zizyphus jujube)
  9. Dadima (Punica granatum)
  10. Matulunga (Citrum limon)

11. Truptigna gana (Relieves Psedo satiation)

  1. Chavya (Piper chaba)
  2. Chitaka (Plumbago zeylanica)
  3. Nagara (Zingiber officinale)
  4. Vidanga (Emblica ribes)
  5. Murva (Marsdenia tenacissima)
  6. Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia)
  7. Vacha (Acorus calamus)
  8. Musta (Cyperus rotundus)
  9. Pippali (Piper longum)
  10. Patola (Trichosanthes cucumerina)

12. Arshogna gana (Manages Piles)

  1. Kutaja (Holarrhena antidysentrica)
  2. Bilva (Aegle marmelos)
  3. Chitaka (Plumbago zeylanica)
  4. Nagara (Zingiber officinale)
  5. Vacha (Acorus calamus)
  6. Chavya (Piper chaba)
  7. Ativisa (Aconitum heterophyllum)
  8. Abhaya (Terminali chebula)
  9. Daruharida (Berberis aristata)
  10. Dhanvayasaka (Fagonia cretica)

13. Kushtagna Gana

  1. Khadira (Acacia catechu)
  2. Abhaya (Terminalia chebula)
  3. Amalaka (Emblica officinalis)
  4. Haridra (Curcuma longa)
  5. Saptaparna (Alstonia scholaris)
  6. Arushka (Semecarpus anacardium)
  7. Aragvadha (Cassia fistula)
  8. Vidanga (Embelia ribes)
  9. Karavira (Nerium indicum)
  10. Jatipravala (Jasminum officinale)

14. Kandughna Gana

  1. Chandana (Santalum album)
  2. Krtamala (Cassia fistula)
  3. Nalada (Nardostachys jatamansi)
  4. Naktamala (Pongamia pinnata)
  5. Kutaja (Holarrhena antidyaenterica)
  6. Nimba (Azadiracta indica)
  7. Sarshapa (Brassica nigra)
  8. Daruharidra (Berberis aristata)
  9. Musta (Cyperus rotundus)
  10. Madhuka (Glycyrrhiza glabra)

15. Krimighna Gana

  1. Maricha (Piper nigrum)
  2. Aksheeva (Moringa oleifera)
  3. Gandira (Euphorbia antiquorum)
  4. Kebuka (Costus speciosus)
  5. Vidanga (Embelis ribes)
  6. Nirgundi (Vitex negundo)
  7. Kinihi (Achyranthes aspera)
  8. Shwadamstra (Tribulus terrestris)
  9. Vrsaparnika (Ipomoes reniformis)
  10. Akshuparnika (Ipomoes reniformis)

16. Vishaghna Gana

  1. Haridra (Curcuma longa)
  2. Manjishtha (Rubia cordifolia)
  3. Suvaha (Operculina turpethum)
  4. Sukshma ela (Elettaria cardamomum)
  5. Chandana (Santalum album)
  6. Palindi (Ichnocarpus frutescens)
  7. Chandana (Santalum album)
  8. Kathaka (Strychnos potatorum)
  9. Shirisha (Albizia lebbeck)
  10. Shindhuvara (Vitex negundo)
  11. Shleshmataka (Cordia dichotama)

17. Stanyajanana gana- Improves Breast milk

  1. Virana (Vetiveria zizanoides)
  2. Shali (Oryza sativa)
  3. Shastika (Oryza sativa)
  4. Ikshuvalika (Asteracantha lonfifolia)
  5. Darbha (Desmostachya bipinnata)
  6. Kasha (Saccharum spontaneum)
  7. Kusha (Desmostachya bipinnata)
  8. Itkata (Sesbania bispinosa)
  9. Gundra (Saccharum sara)
  10. Katruna (Cymbopogon schoenanthus)

18. Sthanyashodhana Gana

  1. Jeevaka (Malaxis acuminata)
  2. Rishabhaka (Manilkara hexandra)
  3. Kulinga (Rhus acuminata)
  4. Meda (Polygonatum cirrhifolium)
  5. Kshir Kakoli (Roscoea purpurea)
  6. Kakoli (Fritillaria roylei)
  7. Mashaparni (Teramnus labialis)
  8. Mudgaparni (Phaseolus trilobus)
  9. Jatila (Nardostachys jatamamsi)
  10. Vriddharuha (Asparagus racemosus)

19. Shukrashodana Gana

  1. Kushta (Saussurea lappa)
  2.  Evaluka (Prunus cerasus)
  3. Katphala (Myrica negi)
  4. Samudra phena (Internal cell of Sepia officinalis)
  5. Kadamba gum (Anrhocephalus indicus)
  6. Ikshu (Saccharum officinarum)
  7. Kandekshu (Saccharum spontaneum)
  8. Vasuka (Indigofera ennephylla)
  9. Ikshuraka (Asteracantha enneaohylla)
  10. Ushira (Vetiveria zizaniodes)

20. Snehopaga Gana

  1. Mrudvika (Vitis vinifera)
  2. Madhuka (Glycyrrhiza glabra)
  3. Madhuparni (Tinospora cordifolia)
  4. Meda (Polygonatum cirrhifolium)
  5. Vidari (Pueraria tuberosa)
  6. Kshir Kakoli (Roscoea purpurea)
  7. Kakoli (Fritillaria roylei)
  8. Jivanti (Leptadenia reticulata)
  9. Jivaka (Malaxis acuminata)
  10. Shalparni (Desmodium gangeticum)

21. Svedopaga Gana

  1. Shobhanjanaka (Moringa oleifera)
  2. Eranda (Ricinus communis)
  3. Arka  (Calotropis gigantica)
  4. Vrischira (Boerhavia diffusa)
  5. Yava (Hordeum vulgare)
  6. Punarnava (Boerhavia diffusa)
  7. Tila (Sesamum indicum)
  8. Masha (Phaseolus mungo)
  9. Kulattha (Dolichos biflorus)
  10. Badara (Zizyphys jujuba)

22. Vamanopaga Gana

  1. Madhuka (Glycyrrhiza glabra)
  2. Madhu (Honey)
  3. Karbudara (Bauhinia variegata)
  4. Kovidara (Bauhinia variegata)
  5. Neepa (Anthocephalus indicus)
  6. Bimbi (cocciniaindia indica)
  7. Vidula (Brringtonia acutangula)
  8. Sadapushpi (Calotropis gigantica)
  9. Shanapushpi (Crotalaria verrucosa)
  10. Pratekpushpa (Achyranthes aspera)

23. Virechanopaga Gana

  1. Draksha (Vitis vinifera)
  2. Kashmarya (Gmelina arborea)
  3. Parushaka (Grewia asiatica)
  4. Amalaki (Embloca officinalis)
  5. Haritaki (Terminalia chebula)
  6. Vibhitaki (Terminalia bellerica)
  7. Badara (Zizyphus jujube)
  8. Kuvala (Zizyphus sativa)
  9. Pilu (Salvadora persica)
  10. Karkandhu (Zizyphus mummularia)

24. Asthapanopaga Gana

  1. Trivrit (Operculina turpethum)
  2. Bilva (Aegle marmelos)
  3. Pippali (Piper longum)
  4. Kushtha (Saussurea lappa)
  5. Sarshapa (Brassica nigra)
  6. Vacha (Acorus calamus)
  7. Vatsaka (Holarrhena antidysenterica)
  8. Shatapushpa (Foeniculum vulgare)
  9. Madhuka (Glycyrrhiza glabra)
  10. Madanaphala (Randia dumetorum)

25. Anuvasanopaga Gana

  1. Rasna (Ricinus communis)
  2. Bilva (Aegle marmelos)
  3. Suradaru (Cedrus deodara)
  4. Shatapushpa  (Foeniculum vulgare)
  5. Madanaphala (Randia dumetorum)
  6. Vruscheera (Boerhavia difffusa)
  7. Punarnava (Boerhavia diffusa)
  8. Agnimantha (Clerodendrum phlomidis)
  9. Shvadamtra (Tribulus terrestris)
  10. Shyonaka (Oroxylum indicum)

26. Shiro Virechanopaga Gana

  1. Jyotishmati (Celastrus paniculatus)
  2. Maricha (Piper nigrum)
  3. Pippali (Piper longum)
  4. Vidanga (Emblica ribes)
  5. Sarshapa (Brassica nigra)
  6. Shigru (Moringa leaves)
  7. Apamarga seeds (Achyranthus aspera)
  8. Kshavaka (Centipeda minima)
  9. Mahashveta (Clitoria ternatea)
  10. Sveta (Clitoria ternatea)

27. Chardi Nigrahana Gana

  1. Jambu (Syzygium cumini)
  2. Amra (Mangifera indica)
  3. Badara (Zizyphus jujuba)
  4. Matulunga (Citrus Limon)
  5. Yava (Hordeum vulgare)
  6. Dadima (Punica granatum)
  7. Ushira (Vetiveria zizanoides)
  8. Yashtimadhu (Glycyrrhiza glabra)
  9. Mrit (earth)
  10. Laja (fried paddy)

28. Trushna nigrahana Gana

  1. Nagara (Zingiber officinale)
  2. Dhanvayasaka (Fagonia cretica)
  3. Musta (Cyperus rotundus)
  4. Parpataka (Fumaria parviflora)
  5. Chandana (Santalum album)
  6. Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia)
  7. Kiratitikta (Swertia chirata)
  8. Hrivera (Pvonia odorata)
  9. Dhanyaka (Coriandrum sativum)
  10. Patola (Trichosanthes cucumerina)

29. Hikka Nigrahana Gana

  1. Pushkarmula (Inula racemosa)
  2. Shati (Hedychium spicatum)
  3. Badara (Zizyphus jujuba)
  4. Brihati (Solanum indicum)
  5. Kantikari (Solanum xanthocarpum)
  6. Abhya (Terminalia chebula)
  7. Pippali (Piper longum)
  8. Vriksharuha (Dendrophthoe falcata)
  9. Durlabha (Fagonia cretica)
  10. Kulirashringi (Rhus succedanea)

30. Purresha Sangrahaneeya Gana

  1. Priyangu (Callicarpa macrophylla)
  2. Ananta (Hemidesmus indicus)
  3. Amra seed (Magnifera indica)
  4. Katvanga (Oroxylum indicum)
  5. Mochrasa (Salmalia malabarica)
  6. Lodhra (Symplocos racemosa)
  7. Samanga (Rubia cordifolia)
  8. Dhataki pushp (Woodfordia futicosa)
  9. Padma (Nelumbo lucifera)
  10. Filaments of Padma (Nelumbo lucifera)

31. Pureesha Virajaneeya Gana

  1. Jambu (Syzygium cumini)
  2. Shallaki bark (Boswellia serrata)
  3. Madhuka (Glycyrrhiza glabra)
  4. Kacchura (Curcuma zedoaria)
  5. Shalmali (Salmalia malabarica)
  6. Payasa (Ipomoea paniculata)
  7. Mud (Purified red ochre)
  8. Shriveshtaka (Pinus roxburghii)
  9. Utpala (Nymphaea alba)
  10. Grains of Tila (Sesamum indicum)

32. Mutra sangreahaneeya Gana

  1. Jambu (Syzygium cumini)
  2. Amra (Magnifera indica)
  3. Plaksha (Ficus lacor)
  4. Vata (Ficus benghalensis)
  5. Kapeetana (albizia lebbeck)
  6. Udumbara (Ficus racemosa)
  7. Ashvattha (Ficus religiosa)
  8. Bhallataka (semecarpus anacardium)
  9. Ashmantaka (Ficus rumphii)
  10. Somavalka (Acacia catechu)

33. Mutra Virajaneeya Gana

  1. Padma (Nelumbo nucifera)
  2. Utpala (Nymphaea alba)
  3. Nalina (Nelumbo nucifera)
  4. Kumuda (Nymphaea alba)
  5. Pundarika (red variety of nymphaea lotus)
  6. Shatapatra (Variety of Nelumbo nucifera)
  7. Madhuka (Glycyrrhiza glabra)
  8. Priyangu (Callicarpa macrophylla)
  9. Dhataki pushpa (Woodfordia fruticosa)
  10. Saugandhika

34. Mutra Virechaneeya Gana

  1. Vrukshadani (Dendrophthoe falcata)
  2. Shvadamstra (Tribulus terrestris)
  3. Vasuka (Indigofera enneaphylla)
  4. Vasira (Gynandropsis gynandra)
  5. Pashanbheda (Bergenia ligulata)
  6. Kasa (Saccharum spontaneum)
  7. Kusha (Desmostachya bipinnata)
  8. Darbha (variety of Desmostachya bipinnata)
  9. Gundra (Saccharum sara)
  10. Itkara root (Sesbania bispinosa)

35. Kasahara Gana

  1. Draksha (Vitis vinifera)
  2. Abhaya (Terminalia chebula)
  3. Pippali (Piper longum)
  4. Amalaki (Emblica officinalis)
  5.  Durlabha (Fagonia cretica)
  6. Shrungi (Rhus succedanea)
  7. Kantakarika (Solanum xanthocarpum)
  8. Punarnava (Boerhavia diffusa)
  9. Vrushchira (Variety of Boerhavia diffusa)
  10. Tamalaki (Phyllanthus niruri)

36. Shwasahara Gana

  1. Pushkaramula (Inula racemosa)
  2. Shati (Hedychium spicatum)
  3. Amlavetasa (Garcinia pedunculata)
  4. Ela (Elettaria cardamomum maton)
  5. Hingu (Asa foetida)
  6. Aguru (Aquilaria agallocha)
  7. Surasa (Ocimum sanctum)
  8. Tamalaki (Phyllanthus niruri)
  9. Jivanti (Leptadenia reticulata)
  10. Chanda

37. Shothahara Gana

  1. Patala (Stereospermum suaveolens)
  2. Agnimantha (Clerodendrum phlomidis)
  3. Shyonaka (Oroxylum indicum)
  4. Bilva (Aegle marmelos)
  5. Kashmarya (Gmelina arborea)
  6. Kantakarika (Solanum xanthocarpum)
  7. Brihati (Solanum indicum)
  8. Shalaparni (Desmodium gangeticum)
  9. Prishan parni (Uraria picta)
  10. Gokshuraka (Tribulus terrestris)

38. Jwarahara Gana

  1. Sariva (Indian sarsapailla)
  2. Sharkara (Sugar)
  3. Patha (Cissampelos pareira)
  4. Manjishtha (Rubia cordifolia)
  5. Pilu (Salvadora persica)
  6. Draksha (Vitis vinifera)
  7. Parushka (Grewia asiatica)
  8. Haritaki (Terminalia chebula)
  9. Amalaki (Emblica officinalis)
  10. Vibhitaki (Terminalia bellerica)

39. Shramahara Gana

  1. Draksha (Vitis vinifera)
  2. Kharjura (Phoenix sylvestris)
  3. Priyala (Buchanania lanzan)
  4. Badara (Zizyphus jujuba)
  5. Dadima (Punica granatum)
  6. Phalgu (Ficus hispida)
  7. Ikshu (Saccharum officinarum)
  8. Yava (Hordeum vulgare)
  9. Parushaka (Grewia asiatica)
  10. Shashtika (oryza sativa)

40. Daha prashamana

  1. Laja (fried Paddy)
  2. Chandana (Santalum album)
  3. Kasmarya (Gmelina arborea)
  4. Madhuka (Glycyrrhiza glabra)
  5. Sharkara (sugar)
  6. Nilotpala (Nymphaea stellata)
  7. Sariva (Hemidesmus indicus)
  8. Usheera (Vetiveria zizanoides)
  9. Hribera (Pavonia odorata)
  10. Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia)

41. Sheeta Prashamana Gana

  1. Agaru (Aquilaria agallocha)
  2. Tagara (Valeriana wallichi)
  3. Dhanyaka (Coriandrum sativum)
  4. Shringavera (Zingiber officinale)
  5. Bhutika (Trachysperum ammi)
  6. Kantakari (Solanum xanthocarpum)
  7. Vacha (Acorus calamus)
  8. Shyonaka (Oroxylum indicus)
  9. Agnimantha (Clerodendrum phlomidis)
  10. Pippali (Piper longum)

42. Udarda prashamana Gana

  1. Priyala (Buchanania lanzan)
  2. Tinduka (Diospyros peregrina)
  3. Khadira (Acacia catechu)
  4. Badara (Zizyphus jujuba)
  5. Kadara (Variety of Acacia catechu)
  6. Ashvakarna (Dipterocarpus alatus)
  7. Saptaparna (Alstonia scholaris)
  8. Asana (Teminalia tomentosa)
  9. Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna)
  10. Arimeda (Variety of Acacia catechu)

43. Angamarda Prashamana Gana

  1. Prushniparni (Uraria picta)
  2. Vidarigandha (Desmodium gangeticum)
  3. Kantkarika (Solanum xanthocarpum)
  4. Brihati (Solanum indicum)
  5. Eranda (Ricinus communis)
  6. Kakoli (Fritillaria roylei)
  7. Ushira (Vetiveria zizanioides)
  8. Chandana (Santalum album)
  9. Madhuka (Glycyrrhiza glabra)
  10. Ela (Elettaria cardamomum)

44. Shula prashamana Gana

  1. Pippali (Piper longum)
  2. Pippalimoola (root of piper longum)
  3. Chavya (Piper chaba)
  4. Chitraka (Plumbago zeylanica)
  5. Maricha (Piper nigrum)
  6. Shringavera (Zingiber officinale)
  7. Ajamoda (Trachyspermum roxburghianum)
  8. Ajagandha (Gynadropsis gynandra)
  9. Gandira (Euphorbia antiquorum)
  10. Jeeraka (Cuminum cyminum)

45. Shonitasthpana gana

  1. Madhu (Honey)
  2. Madhuka (Glycyrrhiza glabra)
  3. Rudhika (Crocus sativus)
  4. Mochrasa (Salmalia malabarica)
  5. Lodhra (Symplocos racemosa)
  6. Gairika (Ferrum haematite)
  7. Priyangu (Callicarpa macrophylla)
  8. Sarkara
  9. Laja (Fried paddy)
  10. Mrtkapala (Earthern pot pieces)

46. Vedanasthapana Gana

  1. Shala (Shorea robusta)
  2. Kadamba (Anthocephalus indicus)
  3. Katphala (Myrica negi)
  4. Padmaka (Prunus cerasoides)
  5. Tumba (Xanthoxylon alatum)
  6. Mocharasa (Salmalia malabarica)
  7. Shirisha (Albiziz lebbeck)
  8. Vanjula (Salix caprea)
  9. Elavaluka (Prunus cerasus)
  10. Ashoka (Saraca indica)

47. Sanjnasthapana Gana

  1. Kaitarya (Myrica negi)
  2. Hingu (Asafoetida)
  3. Arimeda (variety of Acacia catechu)
  4. Vacha (Acorus calamus)
  5. Choraka (Angelica glauca)
  6. Vayastha (Bacopa monnieri)
  7. Golomi (Acorus calamus)
  8. Palankadha (Commiphora mukul)
  9. Ashokarohini (Picrorhiza kurroa)
  10. Jatila (Nadostachys jatamamsi)

48. Prajasthapana Gana

  1. Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri)
  2. Aindri (Citrullus colocynthis)
  3. Shatvirya (Cynodon dactylon)
  4. Amoga (Emblica officinalis)
  5. Sahasravirya (Cynodon dactylon)
  6. Avyatha (Tinospora cordifolia)
  7. Shiva (Terminalia chebula)
  8. Arishta (Picrorhiza kurroa)
  9. Visvaksenakanta (Callicarpa macrophylla)
  10. Vatyapushpi (Sida rhombifolia)

49. Vaya Sthapana Gana

  1. Amruta (Tinospora cordifolia)
  2. Abhaya (Terminalia chebula)
  3. Dhatri (Emblica officinalis)
  4. Shveta (Variety of Clitoria ternatea )
  5. Mukta (pearl)
  6. Jivanti (Leptadenia reticulata)
  7. Atirasa (Asparagus root)
  8. Sthira (Desmodium gangeticum)
  9. Mandukparni (Centella asiatica)
  10. Punarnava (Boerhavia diffusa)

50. Shukrajana Gana

  1. Jeevaka (Malaxis acuminata)
  2. Mahameda (Polygonatum verticillatum)
  3. Meda (Polygonatum cirrhifolium)
  4. Kshir Kakoli (Roscoea purpurea)
  5. Kakoli (Fritillaria roylei)
  6. Mashaparni (Teramnus labialis)
  7. Mudgaparni (Phaseolus trilobus)
  8. Vriddharuha (Asparagus racemosus)
  9. Jatila (Nardostachys jatamansi)
  10. Kulinga (Rhus acuminata)

There are a total of 500 herbs grouped in 50 mahakashyas.

The herbs explained are not short and not very expandable, So to make it understandable to everyone, The intelligent one and to the fool also. The intelligent one can understand the Hidden concepts with his observance, intellect, assumptions and his experiences.

There are many drugs, which have been repeated, But the one person also performs different acts and is also called by Different names. For example: The person who performs various functions may get different designations. Similarly in herbs as well, A single herb can possess many properties to an extent that it will be effective in managing all the Diseases.

Conclusion

In this chapter, Six hundred extractives have been mentioned. These 50 important decoctions are divided into 10 each, which leads to the 500 decoctions. There is no limit for the detailed Description of these decoctions. Rasa's except the salty (lavan) rasa known as the kashayas have been mentioned, Also their Five types of preparations have been mentioned. The physicians must know the application of the External and internal combination and application of the herbs.

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Author Bio:

Best Ayurvedic Doctor - Dr. Meenakshi Chauhan

Dr. Meenakshi Chauhan

MD (ALT. MEDICINE)

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Reviewed By:

Best Ayurvedic Doctor in Mohali - Dr. Vikram Chauhan

Dr. Vikram Chauhan

MD (AYURVEDA)

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